# Math

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“

Business mathsare mathematics used bycommercialenterprises to record and managebusiness operations. Commercial organizations use mathematics inaccounting, inventory management, marketing, sales forecasting, and financial analysis.”

- Mathematics typically used in commerce includes elementary arithmetic, elementary algebra, statistics and probability. Business management can be made more effective in some cases by use of more advanced mathematics such as calculus, matrix algebra and linear programming. ( Wikipedia )

## Contents

# Business Math 1[edit]

### Business Math 1 - Session 1: Interest calculations[edit]

- Interest calcualations
- Simple interest calculation
**Interest = Principal * Interest rate * Time ( I = P * R * T )**( w:fi:Korko = Pääoma * Korkoprosentti ) **w:Compound interest**arises when interest is added to the principal, so that, from that moment on, the interest that has been added also earns interest. This addition of interest to the principal is called*compounding*.

- Simple interest calculation

### Business Math 1 - Session 2: Indices[edit]

**w:Index (economics)**- In w:economics and w:finance, an index is a statistical measure of changes in a representative group of individual data points. ( Wikipedia )- calculation of simple indices,
- A
**w:price index**( w:fi:Hintaindeksi ) (*plural*: “price indices” or “price indexes”) is a normalized w:average (typically a*weighted*average) of w:prices for a given class of goods or services in a given region, during a given interval of time. It is a w:statistic designed to help to compare how these prices, taken as a whole, differ between time periods or geographical locations. ( Wikipedia ) - A
**w:consumer price index**(**w:CPI**) ( w:fi:Kuluttajahintaindeksi ) measures changes in the price level of consumer goods and services purchased by households. ( Wikipedia ) - A
**w:cost-of-living index**is a theoretical w:price index that measures relative w:cost of living over time or regions. It is an index that measures differences in the price of goods and services, and allows for substitutions to other items as prices vary. ( Wikipedia )

### Business Math 1 - Session 3: VAT calculations[edit]

**w:Value added tax ( VAT )**( w:fi:Arvonlisävero )- The
**w:foreign exchange market**(forex, FX, or currency market) ( w:fi:Valuuttamarkkinat ) is a form of exchange for the global decentralized trading of international currencies. ( Wikipedia ) - The
**Current rate**and the**w:forward exchange rate**(also referred to as**forward rate**or**forward price**) is the W:exchange rate at which a bank agrees to exchange one w:currency for another at a future date when it enters into a w:forward contract with an investor. w:Multinational corporations, banks, and other w:financial institutions enter into forward contracts to take advantage of the forward rate for**hedging purposes**. ( Wikipedia )

### Business Math 1 - Session 4: Compound interest[edit]

**w:Compound interest**calculation arises when interest is added to the w:principal, so that, from that moment on, the interest that has been added also earns w:interest. This addition of interest to the principal is called compounding. ( Wikipedia )

**The time value of money**is the value of money figuring in a given amount of interest earned or inflation accrued over a given amount of time. ( Wikipedia )

# Business Math 2 - Business Math with Excel[edit]

Teacher: Jutta Heikkilä

Type of course: Mandatory course in GloBBA in Category:mathematics

Course code: ???

Course material: Business Mathematics: Part 2 - with Excel by Jutta Heikkilä ( Available only from the shop in Suomen Liikemiesten Kauppaopisto (SLK), ~8€ )

**Periodic payment****Long-term w:loan**( w:fi:Laina )- The term
**w:annual percentage rate (APR)**( w:fi:Todellinen vuosikorko ) , also called nominal APR, and the term effective APR, also called EAPR describes the interest rate for a whole year (annualized), rather than just a monthly fee/rate, as applied on a loan, mortgage loan, credit card, etc. ( Wikipedia ) It is solved with the**w:Internal rate of return ( IRR )**( w:fi:Efektiivinen korko ) formula in Excel ( Teacher )

- The term includes the
*w:nominal APR*and the*w:effective APR*

- The term includes the

**w:Hire purchase**( w:fi:Osamaksu ) is the legal term for a contract, in which persons usually agree to pay for goods in parts or a percentage at a time. ( Wikipedia )**w:Leasing**( w:fi:Leasing ) is a process by which a firm can obtain the use of a certain fixed assets for which it must pay a series of contractual, periodic, tax deductible payments. ( Wikipedia )