Learning Albanian

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Welcome to Learning Albanian.[edit]

Shqiponja është e madhe në Shqipëri. The eagle is big in Albania. është, 3rd pers. sing. for "to be" is a loan word from Latin

The name of the Albanian language in Albanian language is 'shqip' and the name of the country Albania is 'Shqipëri' (indefinite (later indef.)) and 'Shqipëria. (definite (later def.))

Q is the most far-out non-western compliance letter in the Albanian language. It is pronounced a sharp 's' like in chuck.

Both of these could be derived from the word sq.'shqiponja' == en."the eagle" or is it the other way around that shqip is so awesome that the name of the eagle then gotta be shqiponja.

First things to know[edit]

Albanian flag is very red and black (kuq e zi) and sq."Shqiponja ka dy kokat!" == en."The eagle has two heads!". ka is the 3rd person singular for 'to have'. dy means two. kokat is definite plural form of kokë, head

Nouns: first things to know

As you may notice the Albanian nouns have their article affixed to the end of the noun and not preceding it. Later-on code like this 'Shqipëri, -a' tells you that the definite form is formed by adding the definite article '-a' to it.

Albanian has 2 grammatical genders: masculine and feminine but worry not, sing. indef. nouns that end in a consonant are masculines and nouns ending in a vowel are feminines. Exceptions are if the noun clearly is of the other gender than the vowel/consonant rule would say.

Verbs: first things to know:

Albanian verbs have no infinite forms so all the dictionaries have them listed by the 1st person singular. This is handy for quickly learning to express what I do or what I would like to do.

Adjectives: first things to know

For those of you who know French you'll feel at home as adjectives and adverbs are placed after the noun also in Albanian.

Nouns and adjectives are connected by an adjectival article. For nominative these are 'i' for masculine and 'e' for feminine.


Verbs[edit]

Albanian verbs are divided into 6 classes as follows:

  1. Class 1 - Verbs ending in 'j'
  2. Class 2 - Verbs ending in a consonant
  3. Class 3 - Verbs ending in a vowel
  4. Class 4 - Three verbs ending in 'i'
  5. Class 5 - Irregular verbs
  6. Class 6 - Verbs ending in '(h)em'

Class 1 verbs - end in 'j'[edit]

Albanian has quite a few verbs that end in 'j'


Class 2 verbs - end in a consonant[edit]

Albanian verbs - Class 2 - ending in a consonant.png


Class 3 verbs - end in a vowel[edit]

Albanian verbs - Class 3 - ending in a vowel.png


Class 4 verbs - the three verbs ending in 'i'[edit]

Albanian verbs - Class 4 - three verbs ending in 'i'.png


Class 5 verbs - irregular verbs[edit]

The verbs

  • "jam" == "to be" and
  • "kam" == "to have" are highly irregular, but the present indicative and imperfect indicative, present subjunctive and imperative forms of them are highly similar as you can see from the charts below.

Irregular verb "jam" == "to be" Irregular verb "kam == "to have"


Class 6 verbs - end in '(h)em'[edit]

Albanian verbs - Class 6 - verbs ending in '(h)em'.png


Building up vocabulary[edit]

Ë is not pronounced when it is at the end of a word. When inside a word it is like the syllable "uh".

Knowing the first things to know about nouns and adjectives now would be a good time to consider starting to play the Basic Albanian 1 on Memrise. Memrise programs your brain slightly differently than traditional methods, but hey, how harmful can it be?

Albanian has a lot of loan words but they come from a wide variety of languages including but not limited to Latin, English, Italian, French, Slavic, Germanic, Arabic, Swedish etc.

Jamaican shares from Albanian the word 'I ri'. In Albanian 'i ri' means both new and young for masculine nouns. Corresponding form for feminine nouns is 'e re'.

Lists of loan words[edit]

The forms given for nouns are

  1. Singular, indefinite
  2. Singular, definite
  3. Plural indefinite

The forms given for adjectives are

  1. Masculine
  2. Feminine (always just add an 'e' to end)

The forms given for verbs are

  1. First person singular present indicative
  2. First person singular simple past
  3. Past participle

Loan words for English speakers[edit]

On Saturday 2018-11-17 I made a copy of this list of loan words for English speakers to Wikibooks:Albanian/Loan_words_for_English_speakers and in the future when I add words I will update both this article and the one at Wikibooks. In the long term the best solution would be to put the words into a database, such as Wikidata and to generate the lists automatically from the database. This way there would not be the problem that some words that could be classified under "English" are instead in French or Italian because the pronunciation matches better those langauges.

A[edit]

  1. abuzim, -i, -e == an abuse
  2. abuzoj == to abuse
  3. administrativ, -e == administrative
  4. admirim, -i == admiration
  5. adoleshent, -i, -ë == an adolescent
  6. aeroplan, -i, -ë == an airplane
  7. aeroport, -i, -e == an airport
  8. aerobik, -e == aerobic (adj.)
  9. akademi, -a, - == an academy
  10. aksident, -i, -e == an accident
  11. aktiv, -e == active
  12. aktivitet, -i, -e == an activity
  13. aktor, -i, -ë == an actor
  14. akuzoj == to accuse
  15. aleancë, -a, -a == an alliance
  16. amendament, -i, -e == an amendment
  17. ambasador, -i, -ë == an ambassador
  18. amerikan, -i, -ë == an American
  19. amfiteatër, -ri, -ro == an amphitheater
  20. amnion, -i, -e (?) == an amnion
  21. anemi, -a, -a == an anemia
  22. antik, -e == antique
  23. antikitet, -i == antiquity
  24. antologji == an anthology
  25. apartament, -i, -e == an apartment
  26. aplikacion, -i, -e == an application
  27. arkeolog, -u, -ë == an archaeologist
  28. arkeologjik, -e == archaeological
  29. arkitekturor, -e == architectural
  30. aromë, -a, -a == an aroma
  31. arrestim, -i, -e == an arrest
  32. arrestoj == to arrest
  33. arrij == to arrive
  34. arrogant, -e == arrogant
  35. arterie, -a, -e == an artery
  36. artikull, -lli, -j == an article
  37. artist, -i, -ë == an artist
  38. artistik, -e == artistic
  39. aspiratë, -a, -a == an aspiration
  40. atom, -i, -e == an atom
  41. atmosferë, -a, -a == an atmosphere
  42. audiencë, -a, -a == an audience
  43. autoritarist, -e == authoritarian
  44. autoritet, -i, -ë == an authority

B[edit]

  1. bakter, -e, bakterie == bacterium
  2. balet, -i, -e == a ballet
  3. banane, -ia, -e == a banana
  4. bankë, -a, -a == a bank
  5. banknotë, -a, -a == a banknote
  6. barometër, -ri, -ra == a barometer
  7. basketboll, -i == basketball
  8. basketbollist, -i, -ë == a baskeball player
  9. bazë, -ë, -a == a base
  10. biznesmen, -i, -ë == a businessman
  11. blasfemoj == to blaspheme
  12. bllokoj == to block
  13. blu == blue
  14. bojkot, -i, -e == a boycott
  15. botanik, -e == botanical
  16. brokoli == broccoli
  17. bunker, -i, -ë == a bunker

C[edit]

  1. celular, -e == cellular
  2. ceremoni, -a, - == a ceremony
  3. cikël, -li, -le == a cycle
  4. citoplazmë, -ë (?), -a == a cytoplasm

Ç[edit]

  1. çek, -ku, -qe == a check (payment instrument)

D[edit]

  1. datë, -a, -a == a date (time)
  2. datoj == to date (time)
  3. debat, -i, -e == a debate
  4. dekade, -ë, -a == a decade
  5. deklaroj == to declare
  6. dentar, -e == dental
  7. dentist, -i, -ë == a dentist
  8. derë, -a, dyer == a door
  9. desertor, -i ,-ë == a deserter
  10. deshirë, -a, -a == a desire
  11. deshiroj == to desire
  12. i,e detajuar == detailed
  13. dialekt, -i, -e == a dialect
  14. dietë, -a, -a == a diet
  15. diplomat, -i, -ë == a diplomat
  16. disidencë, -a, -a == dissidence
  17. disident, -i, -ë == a dissident
  18. diskutim, -i, -e == a discussion
  19. diskutoj == to discuss
  20. distancë, -a, -a == a distance
  21. dixhital == digital
  22. dizanoj == to design
  23. dokument, -i, -e == a document
  24. dokumentar, -i, -ë == a documentary
  25. domate, -ja, -e == a tomato
  26. dominoj == to dominate
  27. dozë, -a, -a == a dose

E[edit]

  1. editorial, -i, -e == an editorial
  2. edukatë, -a == an education
  3. efikasitet, -i, -e (?) == an efficacy
  4. egoist, -i, -ë == an egoist
  5. ekonomi, -a == economics
  6. ekonomik, -e == economical
  7. ekonomist, -i, -ë == an economist
  8. ekselencë, -a, -a == an excellence
  9. ekskursion, -i, -e == an excursion
  10. ekuilibër, -bri, -bri == an equilibrium
  11. ekzekutues, -e == executive
  12. elastik, -e == elastic
  13. elegant, -e == elegant
  14. elektricitet, -i == electricity
  15. elektronik, -e == electronic
  16. elitë, -a, -a == an elite
  17. embrion, -i, -e == an embryo
  18. emigrim, -i, -e == an emigration
  19. energji, -a, -të == an energy
  20. epidermë == an epidermis
  21. estetik, -e == aesthetic

F[edit]

  1. i famshëm, e famshme == famous
  2. favor, -i, -e == a favour
  3. fazë, -a, -a == a phase
  4. fakt, -i, -e == a fact
  5. fanellë, -a, -a == a flannel shirt, undershirt
  6. i favorishëm, e -me == favourable
  7. federal, -e == federal
  8. fenomen, -i, -e == a phenomenon
  9. festival, -i, -e == a festival
  10. fetus, -i, -e == a fetus
  11. fibër, -ra, -ra == a fiber
  12. filëte, -a, -a == a fillet
  13. film, -i, -a == a film
  14. finalizoj == to finalize
  15. financier, -i, -ë == a financier
  16. firmë, -a, -a == a firm (business)
  17. fleksibilitet, -i, -e (?) == a flexibility
  18. formal, -e == formal
  19. formë, -a, -a == a form, shape (paper or digital form is formular)
  20. formoj == to form
  21. fotogjenik, -e == photogenic
  22. fotografi, -a, - == a photograph
  23. fragmentoj == to fragment
  24. frutë, -a, -a == a fruit
  25. furnizim, -i, -e == furnishing, supplies
  26. furnizoj == to furnish
  27. futboll, -i == football (soccer)

G[edit]

  1. galeri, -a, - == a gallery
  2. gest, -i, -e == a gesture
  3. global, -e == global
  4. glob, -i, -e == a globe
  5. glukozë, -a, -a == glucose
  6. gradë, -a, -a == a grade, quality
  7. gradual, -e == gradual
  8. grup, -i, -e == a group
  9. guvernator, -i, -ë == a governor

Gj[edit]

  1. gjerman, -i, -ë == German (nationality)
  2. gjerman, -e == German (adj.)
  3. gjigant, -e == gigantic
  4. gjimnastikor, -i == gymnastic (adj.)

H[edit]

  1. hamburger, -i, -ë == a hamburger
  2. harmonik, -e == harmonic
  3. hemoglobinë, -a, -a == a hemoglobin
  4. heretik, -u, -ë == a heretic
  5. hero, -i, -nj == a hero
  6. hezitoj == to hesitate
  7. hibrid, -e == hybrid
  8. himn, -i, -e == a hymn
  9. historik, -e == historical
  10. holl, -i, -e == a hall
  11. hotel, -i, -e == a hotel

I[edit]

  1. identifikim, -i, -e == an identification
  2. ikonografik, -e == iconographic
  3. imejl == email (also postë elektronike, email or e-mail)
  4. imponoj == to impose
  5. inauguroj == inaugurate
  6. individual, -e == individual (adj.)
  7. industri, -a, -a == an industry
  8. infarkt, -i, -e == an infarct
  9. infeksion, -i, -e == an infection
  10. informativ, -e == informative
  11. infrastrukturë, -a, -a == an infrastructure
  12. insistoj == to insist
  13. inspiroj == to inspire
  14. integrim, -i, -e == an integration
  15. instrument, -i, -e == an instrument
  16. intensivisht == intensively
  17. intergritet == integrity
  18. interes, -i, -a == an interest
  19. internet, -i == the Internet
  20. interpretim, -i, -e == an interpretation
  21. interpretoj == to interpret
  22. Itali, -a == Italy
  23. italian, -e == Italian (adj.)
  24. italian, -i, -ë == Italian (nationality
  25. itinerar, -i, -e == an itinerary

J[edit]

  1. janar, -i == January
  2. ju == you

K[edit]

  1. kamp, -i, -e == a a camp
  2. kandidat, -i, -ë == a candidate
  3. kapilar, -, -ë == a capillary
  4. kapital, -i, -e (?) == a capital
  5. kaos, -i, -e == a chaos
  6. karbohidrat, -i, -e == a carbohydrate
  7. karbon, -i, -e == carbon
  8. karrierë, -ë, -a == a career
  9. katalog, -u, -ë == a catalogue
  10. katastrofë, -a, -a == a catastrophe
  11. kategori, -a, - == a category
  12. kazino, -ja, -të == a casino
  13. kështjellë, -a, -a == a castle, fortress
  14. kilogram, -i, -ë == a kilogram
  15. kilometër, -ri, -ra == a kilometer
  16. kitarist, -i, -ë == a guitarist
  17. kivi == a kiwi (fruit)
  18. kler, -i, -e == a clergy
  19. klinikë, -a, -a == a clinic
  20. klon, -i, -e == a clone
  21. klorofil, -i, -ë == a chlorophyll
  22. klub, -i, -e == a club
  23. koleksion, -i, -e == a collection
  24. koleksonoj == to collect
  25. koloni, -a, - == a colony
  26. koment, -i, -e == a comment
  27. komision, -i, -e == a commission
  28. komunal, -e == communal
  29. koncesion, -i, -e == a concession
  30. konflikt, -i, -e == a conflict
  31. konsensual, -e == consensual
  32. konspiroj == to conspire
  33. kopjoj == to copy
  34. kolesterol, -i == a cholesterol
  35. kombinim, -i, -e == a combination
  36. kompani, -a, - == a company
  37. kompjuter, -i, -a == a computer
  38. kompresë, -a, -a == a compress
  39. komunitet, -i, -e == a community
  40. konferencë, -a, -a == a conference
  41. konfirmoj == to confirm
  42. konfuzion, -i, -e == a confusion
  43. konfirmim, -i, -e == a confirmation
  44. kongres, -i, -e == a congress
  45. konsideroj == to consider
  46. konsull, -lli, -j == a consul
  47. konsumohem == to be consumed
  48. konsumoj == to consume
  49. kontaktoj == to contact
  50. kontrolloj == to control, inspect, examine
  51. kontroll, -i, -e == a control, check
  52. kopje, -a, -e == a copy
  53. korrespondoj == to correspond
  54. korrigjoj == to correct
  55. korrupsion, -i, -e == a corruption
  56. krap, -i, krep == a carp
  57. kreativitet, -i, -e == a creativity
  58. krijoj == to create
  59. krim, -i, -e == a crime
  60. kritikë, -a, -a == a critique
  61. kritikoj == to critisize
  62. kromozom, -i, -e == a chromosome
  63. kualifikoj == to qualify
  64. kult, -i, -e == a cult
  65. kupë, -a, -a == a cup
  66. kurs, -i, -e == a course (studying or exchange rate)
  67. kushtoj == to cost

L[edit]

  1. letër, -ra, -ra == a letter, a card
  2. lider == a leader
  3. litër, -ri, -ra == a liter

M[edit]

  1. madhësti, -a == majesty, grandiosity
  2. mafie, -a, -a == a mafia
  3. magnet == a magnet
  4. marshoj == to march
  5. maskoj == to mask, camouflage, disguise
  6. material, -i, -e == material
  7. medalje, -, - == a medal
  8. meditoj == to meditate
  9. membranë, -a, -a == a membrane
  10. menaxher, -i, -ë == a manager
  11. marksist, -e == marxist
  12. menaxhoj == to manage
  13. menstruacion, -i, -e == a menstruation
  14. mentalitet, -i, -e == a mentality
  15. meritoj == to merit
  16. militant, -e == militant
  17. mineral == mineral
  18. ministër, -ri, -ra = a minister
  19. Ministri, -a, - == a ministry
  20. mister, -i, -e == a mystery
  21. model, -i, -e == a model
  22. modern, -e == modern
  23. molekulë, -a, -a == a molecule
  24. moment, -i, -e == a moment
  25. monoksid, -i, -e == monoxide
  26. monument, -i, -e == a monument
  27. mozaik, -i, -ë == a mosaic
  28. i multilateralizëm, e -me == multilateralism
  29. muskul, -i, -jt == a muscle
  30. muzikë, -a == music

N[edit]

  1. nikotinë, -a, -a == a nicotine
  2. nostalgji, -a, -të == a nostalgy
  3. normalizim, -i, -e == normalization
  4. notar, -i, -ë == a notary
  5. numeroj == to number, numerate, count

O[edit]

  1. objekt, -i, -e == objects
  2. ofertë, -a, -a == an offer
  3. ofroj == to offer
  4. oksigjen, -i, -e == oxygen
  5. oksigjenoj == to oxygenate
  6. operë, -a, -a == an opera
  7. operoj, -ova, -uar == to operate
  8. opinion, -i, -e == an opinion (also mendim)
  9. opozitë, -a, -a == an opposition
  10. oral, -e == oral
  11. organ, -i, -e == an organ
  12. organizëm, -i, -a == an organism
  13. organizoj, -ova, -uar == to organize
  14. ortodoks, -e == Orthodox
  15. ovidukt, - (?), -e == an oviduct
  16. ovulacion, -i, -e == an ovulation

P[edit]

  1. pako, -ja, - == a pack, packet, parcel
  2. pankreas, -i, -e (?) == a pancreas
  3. parlament, -i, -e == a parliament
  4. park, -ku, -qe == a park
  5. parti, -a, -të == a party (political)
  6. pasagjer, -i, -e == a passenger
  7. pasion, -i, -e == a passion
  8. pasionant, -e == passionate
  9. patriotik, -e == patriotic
  10. pazar, -i, -e == a bazaar, a marketplace
  11. penis, -i, -e == a penis
  12. periferi, -a, -të == a periphery
  13. periudhë, -a, -a == a period
  14. person, -i, -a == a person
  15. pianiste, -ja, -e == a pianist
  16. ping-pong == ping-pong, table tennis
  17. piper, -i == pepper (table spice)
  18. piramidë, -ë, -a == a pyramid
  19. pjek == to bake
  20. placentë, -a, -a == a placenta
  21. plan, -i, -e == a plan
  22. planet, -i, -e == a planet
  23. planifikoj == to plan
  24. plazme, -a, -a == a plasma
  25. pluralizëm, -mi == a pluralism
  26. poet, -i, -ë == a poet
  27. polemikë, -a, -a == a polemic
  28. polifoni, -a, - == a polyphony
  29. populist, -e == populist
  30. popullor, -e == popular
  31. porcelan, -i == porcelain
  32. portret, -i, -e == a portret
  33. postë, -a, -a == mail, post office post
  34. potencial, -i, -e == a potential
  35. pragmatik, -e == pragmatic
  36. pragmatizëm, -mi, -ma == a pragmatism
  37. preferoj, -ova, -uar == to prefer
  38. i,e preferuar == preferred
  39. prestigjoz -e == prestigious
  40. prill, -i == April
  41. problem, -i, -e == a problem
  42. proces, -i, -e == a process
  43. prodhoj == to produce
  44. program, -i, -e == a program
  45. propozoj, -ova, -uar == to propose
  46. prostatë, -a, -e == a prostate
  47. proteine, -a, -a == a protein
  48. protestoj == to protest
  49. publik, -u == general public, audience
  50. publik, -e == public (adj.)
  51. puloverë, -a, -a == a pullover, a sweater
  52. puls, -i,- e == a pulse

Q[edit]

  1. qendër, -a, -a == a center

R[edit]

  1. radio, -ja, - == a radio
  2. raketë, -a, -a == a rocket
  3. raport, -i, -e == a report
  4. raportoj, -ova, -uar == to report
  5. raund, -i, -e == a round
  6. reagoj == to react
  7. realizoj == to realize, to achieve
  8. recesion, -i, -e == a recession
  9. reciprokisht == reciprocally
  10. recital, -i, -e == a recital
  11. rezervim, -i, -e == a reservation
  12. rezervoj, -ova, -uar == to reserve
  13. rezultat, -i, -e == a result
  14. reduktoj, -ova, -uar == to reduce
  15. relativisht == relatively
  16. religjioz, -e == religious
  17. replikoj == to replicate
  18. restorant, -i, -e == a restaurant
  19. reumatizëm, -mi, -ma == rheumatism
  20. rezervë, -a, -a == a reserve
  21. rezolutë, -a, -a == a resolution
  22. rival, -i, -ë == a rival
  23. i,e rregullt == regular

S[edit]

  1. saktë == exactly
  2. i,e saktë == exact
  3. saktësi, -a, - == exactitude
  4. sandale, -ja, -e == sandals
  5. sanduiç, -i, -ë == a sandwich
  6. sanksion, -i, -e == a sanction
  7. sekret, -i, -e == a secret
  8. sekretar, -i, -ë == a secretary
  9. sekt, -i, -e == a sect
  10. sektor, -i, -ë == a sector
  11. semestër, -ri, -ra == a semester
  12. seminar, -i, -e == a seminar
  13. sezon, -i, -e == a season
  14. shtet, -i, -e == a state, country
  15. simbolik, -e == symbolic, very cheap
  16. simptomë, -a, -a == a symptom
  17. sinjal, -i, -e == a signal
  18. i,e sinqertë == sincere
  19. situatë, -a, -a == a situation, condition
  20. skanoj == to scan
  21. skemë, -a, -a == a scheme
  22. skizm, -i, -a == a schism
  23. sklerozë, -a, -a == a sclerosis
  24. social, -e == social
  25. solemn, -e == solemn, gala
  26. specifikë, -a, -a == a specific feature
  27. spektakël, -li, -le == a spectacle
  28. spektator, -i, -ë == a spectator
  29. spinaq, -i == spinach
  30. spital, -i, -e == a hospital
  31. sporadik, -e == sporadic
  32. staf, -i, -e == a staff
  33. statut, -i, -e == a statute
  34. sugjerim, -i, -e == a suggestion
  35. sukses, -i, -e == success
  36. stomak, -u, -ë == a stomach
  37. stres, -i == stress
  38. studim, -i, -e == a study
  39. studioj == to study

Sh[edit]

  1. shkollë, -a, -a == a school

T[edit]

  1. taksi, -a, - == a taxi
  2. tekst, -i, -e == a text
  3. telefon, -i, -a == a telephone
  4. telefon celular == a cell phone
  5. tempull, -lli, -j == a temple
  6. tender, -i, -ë == a tender
  7. terapi == a therapy
  8. termometër, -ri, -ra == a thermometer
  9. terror, -i, -e == a terror
  10. totalitar, -e == totalitarian
  11. torturë, -a, -a == torture
  12. trafikant, -i, -ë == a trafficker
  13. trafikim, -i, -e == a trafficking
  14. trajtim, -i, -e == a treatment
  15. trajtoj == to treat
  16. transferim, -i, -e == a transfer
  17. trojan, -i, -ë == Trojan
  18. tub, -i, -a == a tube
  19. turist, -i, -ë == a tourist
  20. turistik, -e == touristic

U[edit]

  1. unik, -e == unique
  2. uretër, -ra, -ra == an urethra

V[edit]

  1. vaginë, -a, -a == a vagina
  2. vaksinë, -a, -a == a vaccine
  3. valvul, -a, -a == a valve
  4. vanilje, -a == vanilla
  5. variant, -i, -e == a variant, variation
  6. varioj, -ova, -uar == to vary
  7. vëllim, -i, -e == volume
  8. venë, -, -a == a vein
  9. viktimë, -a, -a == a victim
  10. violinë, -a, -a == a violin
  11. vitaminë, -a, -a == a vitamin
  12. vizitoj == to visit
  13. volejboll, -i == volleyball
  14. votë, -a, -a == a vote
  15. votim, -i, -e == a voting

Xh[edit]

  1. xhaketë, -a, -a == a jacket
  2. xhinse == jeans, denim

Z[edit]

  1. zero == zero
  2. zigot, -i, -a == a zygote
  3. zonë, -a, -a == zone, area, region

Loan words for French speakers[edit]

These often come via Italian or are originally from Latin by which the words not so magically happen to often be the same in French. Jukeboksi (talk)

  1. abazhur, -i, -e == un abat-jour == a lampshade
  2. adhuroj == adorer == to worship
  3. aktualitet, -i, -e == une actualité == an actuality
  4. alkool, -i, -e == un alcool == alcohol
  5. ambasadë, -a, -a == une ambassade == an embassy
  6. analizë, -a, -a == une analyse == an analysis
  7. ansambël, -li, -lë == un ensamble == a (performing) group
  8. arbitrazh, -i, -e == un arbitrage == an arbitrage
  9. avion, -i, -ë == un avion == an airplane
  10. avokat, -i, -e == un avocat == a lawyer
  11. bibliotekë, -a, -a == une bibliothèque == a library
  12. biftek, -u, -ë == un bifteck == a beefsteak
  13. biletë, -a, -a == un billet == a ticket
  14. bluzë, -a, -a == une blouse == a blouse
  15. bursë, -a, -a == une bourse == this word means both, like in French, a stock exchange and a study grant for undergraduates
  16. diskotekë, -a, -a == une discothèque == a diskotheque
  17. dakord == d'accord == agreed, all right
  18. i disponueshëm, e -me == disponible
  19. divorc == un divorce == a divorce
  20. ekran, -i, -e == un écran == a screen
  21. ekspozitë, -a, -a == une exposition == an exhibition
  22. emision, -i, -e == une émission == TV/radio show, program, broadcast
  23. fill, -i, fije == un fil == a thread
  24. financiar, -e == financier == financial
  25. fizikë, -a == une physique == physics
  26. Francẽ, -a, -a == La France == France
  27. francez, -i, -ë == un français == a French
  28. francez, -e == français, -e == French (adj.)
  29. galeri, -a, - == une galerie == a gallery
  30. gaz, -i, -e == un gaz == a gas
  31. gjeografik, -e == géographique == geographic
  32. gjest, -i, -e == un geste == a gesture
  33. grevë == une grève == a strike
  34. gri == gris == grey
  35. grip, -i, -e == une grippe == a flu
  36. ide, -ja, - == une idée == an idea
  37. inkonjito == incognito == incognito
  38. institucion, -i, -e == une institution == an institution
  39. interesant, -e == interesant == interesting
  40. inxhinier, -i, -ë == un ingénieur == an engineer
  41. juridik, -e == juridique == legal, judicial
  42. kabinë, -a, -a == une cabine == a booth
  43. kafe, -ja, -e == un café == a coffee
  44. kanal, -i, -e == un canal == a channel
  45. kanion, -i, -e == un canyon == a canyon
  46. karakter, -i, -e == un caractère == a character, nature
  47. karakteristik, -e == caractéristique == characteristic
  48. karotë, -a, -a == une carotte == a carrot
  49. kartë, -a, -a == une carte == a card (also a paper)
  50. kartë krediti == une carte de crédit == a credit card
  51. katër == quatre == four
  52. katolik, -e == catholique == catholic
  53. këmishë, -a, -ë == une chemise == a shirt
  54. kimi, -a == chimie == chemistry
  55. klient, -i, -ë == un client == a client
  56. koleg, -u, -ë == un collègue == a colleague
  57. komedi, -a, - == une comédie == a comedy
  58. komplikacion, -i, -e == une complication == a complication
  59. kontratë, -a, -a == un contrat == a contract, agreement
  60. kostum, -i, -e == un costume == a costume, a suit
  61. krem, -, -e == une crème == cream
  62. krem karamel == la crème caramel == caramel dessert
  63. krizë, -a, -a == une crise == a crisis
  64. kronikë, -a, -a == une chronique == a chronicle, news
  65. kuadër, -ri, -ro == un cadre == frame, setting
  66. kulturë, -a, -a == une culture == a culture
  67. kurs, -i, -e == un course == rate, course
  68. kuzhinë, -a, -a == une cuisine == a kitchen
  69. laborator, -i, -ë == un laboratoire == a laboratory
  70. lahutë, -a, -a == un luth == a lute
  71. latin, -e == latin -e
  72. latino-amerkan -e == Latino-américain -e
  73. legjendë, -a, -a == une légende == a legend
  74. librari, -a, - == une librarie == a bookstore
  75. linjë, -a, -a == une ligne == a line
  76. lokal, -i,- e == un local == premises, room
  77. madhësti -a == une majesté == a majesty
  78. maj, -i == maj == May
  79. mandarinë, -a, -a == une mandarine == a mandarin
  80. mars, -i == mars == March
  81. mathematikë, -a, == un mathématique == mathematics
  82. më == me == me, to me (attn. më can be a number of other things to in sentences)
  83. meny, -ja, - == un menu == a menu
  84. menyrë, -a, -a == une manière == manner, way
  85. mesazh -i, -e == un message == a message
  86. miliard, -i, -ë == un milliard == a billion
  87. milion, -i, ë == un million == a million
  88. modë, -a == une mode == fashion
  89. monogami, -a, -a == la monogamie == monogamy
  90. mur, -i, -e == un mur == a wall
  91. muze, -u - == un musée == a museum
  92. natyrë, -a == une nature == a nature
  93. oriz, -i == riz == rice
  94. paketë, -a, -a == un paquet == a package
  95. park, -u, -qe == un parc == a park
  96. pasion, -i, -e == une passion == a passion
  97. peizazh, -i, -e == un paysage == a scenery
  98. periudhë, -a, -a == une période == a period, time
  99. person, -i, -a == une personne == a person
  100. personalitet, -i, -e == une personnalité == a personality
  101. përqindje, -a, -e == un pourcentage == a percentage
  102. pishinë, -a, -a == une piscine == a swimming pool
  103. pistë, -a, -a == une piste == lane, floor
  104. pjesë, -a, -e == une pièce == a piece
  105. plazh, -i, -e == une plage == a beach
  106. politik, -e == politique == political
  107. politikë, -a, -a == une politique == a policy
  108. portë, -a, -a == une porte == a gate
  109. pozicion, -i, -e == une position == a position
  110. presion, -i, -e == une pression == a pressure
  111. prezantim == présentation == presentation
  112. principatë, -a, -a == une principauté == a principality, princedom
  113. prokuror, -i, -ë == un procureur == a prosecutor
  114. prozë, -a, -a == une prose == a prose
  115. pulë, -a, -a == un poulet == a chicken
  116. qershi, -a, - == une cerise == a cherry
  117. qiell, -lli, -j == le ciel == the sky.
  118. recepsioniste, -ja, -e == une réceptionniste == a receptionist (fem.)
  119. rezultat, -i, -e == un résultat == a result
  120. rigon, -i == origan == oregano
  121. rol, -i, -e == un rôle == a role
  122. roman, -i, -e == un roman == a novel
  123. rrobë, -a, -a == une robe == clothes
  124. sallë, -a, -a == une salle == lobby, auditorium, room
  125. sandale, -ja, -e == une sandale == a sandal
  126. seri, -a, - == une série == a series
  127. shans, -i, -e == une chance == a chance
  128. shef, -i, -a == le chef == a chef, a chief, a boss
  129. shifër, -ra, -ra == un chiffre == a figure, cipher
  130. shofer, -i, -ë == un chauffeur == a driver
  131. shurup, -i, -e == un sirop == a syrup
  132. sistem, -i, -ë == un système == a system
  133. strateg, -u, -ë == un stratège == a strategist
  134. strategjik, -e == stratégique == strategic
  135. studio, -ja, - == un studio == a studio
  136. sugjeroj, -ova, -uar == suggérer == to suggest
  137. supë, -a, -a == une soupe == a soup
  138. suvenir, -i, -e == un souvenir == a souvenir
  139. tabelë, -a, -a == une table == (black)board
  140. tarracë, -a, -a == une terrasse == a terrace
  141. teatër, -ri, -ro - un théâtre - a theatre
  142. teatral, -e == théâtral == theatrical
  143. teknik, -e == technique == technical
  144. teknologji, -a, - == une technologie == a technology
  145. temperaturë, -a, -a == une température == a temperature
  146. tragjedi -a == une tragédie == a tradegy
  147. transfertë, -a, -a == un transfert == a transfer, transaction
  148. i,e trishtuar - triste - sad
  149. temë, -a, -a == un thème == a theme, topic
  150. tension, -i == une tension (artérielle) == blood pressure
  151. traditë, -a, -a == une tradition == a tradition
  152. trupë, -a, -a == une troupe == a troupe, company, band
  153. unitet, -i, -e == une unité == an unity
  154. universitet, -i, -e == une université == an university
  155. valixhe, -ja, -e == une valise == a suitcase, baggage
  156. vegjetal, -e == végétal == vegetable (adj.)
  157. verandë, -a, -a == une véranda == a terrace, veranda
  158. vitrinë, -a, -a == une vitrine == a shop window
  159. vizë, -a, -a == un visa == a visa
  160. vizitë, -a, -a == une visite == a visit
  161. vizitor, -i, -ë == un visiteur == a visitor
  162. vlerë, -a, -a == une valeur == a value

Loan words for Italian speakers[edit]

  1. antipastë, -a, -a == un antipasto == an antipasti
  2. argjend, -i == argento == silver
  3. autobus, -i, -ë == un autobus == a bus
  4. ballkon, -i, -e == un balcone == a balcony
  5. biçikletë, -a, -a == una bicicletta == a bicycle
  6. birrë, -a, -a == una birra == a beer
  7. biskotë, -a, -a == un biscotto == a biscuit
  8. bizele, -ja, -e == un pisello == a bean
  9. çokolatë, -a, -a == una cioccolata == a chocolate
  10. diafragmë, -a, -a == a diaphragm
  11. divan, -i, -e == un divano == a sofa, a couch
  12. faturë, -a, -a == una fattura == a bill
  13. fitore, -ja, -e == una vittoria == a victory
  14. forum, -i, -e == un forum == a forum
  15. i,e fortë == forte == strong
  16. i,e freskët == fresco == fresh
  17. freskues, -e == rinfrescante == refreshing
  18. garazh, -i, -e == un garage == a garage
  19. gjigand, -i, -ë == un gigante == a giant
  20. gjykatës, -i, - == un giudice == a judge
  21. gusht, -i == agosto == August
  22. higjenë, -a == igiene == hygiene
  23. institucion, -i, -e == un'istituzione == an institution
  24. kakao, -ja, - == un cacao == a cocoa
  25. kallamar, -i, -ë == un calamaro == a calamari
  26. kamarier, -i, -ë == un camriere == a waiter
  27. kamion, -i, -e == un camion == a truck
  28. kapelë, -a, -a == un cappello == a cap (hat)
  29. kapitull, -lli, -j == un capitolo == a chapter
  30. kështjellë, -a, -a == un castello == a castle
  31. klime, -a, -a == un clima == a climate
  32. krap,- i, krep == una carpa == a carp
  33. klimë, -a, -a == un clima == a climate
  34. konkurrencë, -a == concorrenza == a competition
  35. konkurrent, -i, -ë == un concorrente == a competitor
  36. konsum, -i, -e == un consumo == consumption
  37. kontribut, -i, -e == un contributo == a contribution
  38. libër, -ri, -ra == un libro == a book
  39. limon, -i, -ë == un limone == a lemon
  40. makinë, -a, -a == una macchina == a car
  41. mas == mas == to weigh
  42. mit, -i, -e == un mito == a myth
  43. mobilje, -a, -e == un mobile == furniture
  44. nip, -i, -a == un nipote == a cousin
  45. orë, -a, -ë == un'ora == an hour (or a clock)
  46. origjinë, -a, -a == un'orignine == an origin
  47. pacient, -i, -ë == un paziente == a patient (male)
  48. pagesë, -a, -a == un pagamento == a payment
  49. paguaj, -ova, -uar == pagare == to pay
  50. paqe, -ja == pace == peace
  51. papagall, -lli, -j == un pappagallo == a parrot
  52. pantallona, -t == un pantalone == pants
  53. patate, -ja, -e == una patata == a potato
  54. patatinë, -a, -a == patatine == potato chips
  55. peshk, -u, peshq == un pesce == a fish
  56. peshkatar, -i, -ë == un pescatore == a fisherman
  57. për == per == for, about
  58. peshë, -a, -a == peso == weight
  59. picë, -a, -a == una pizza == a pizza
  60. pikant, -i, -ë == piccante == spicy
  61. piktor, -i, -ë == un pittore == a painter
  62. pjatë, -a, -a == un piatto == a plate, a dish, a course (food)
  63. pompoj == pompa == to pump
  64. pozicion, -i, -e == una posizione == a position
  65. proshutë, -a, -a == un prosciutto == a ham (also means bacon)
  66. rezistencë, -a, -a == una resistenza == a resistance
  67. salcë, -ë, -a == una salsa == a sauce
  68. salsiçise, -ja, -e == una salsiccia == a sausage
  69. sallatë, -a, -a == un'insalata == a salad
  70. siguri, -a, - == una sicurezza == a certainty
  71. skuadër, -ra, -ra == una squadra == a team
  72. stilograf, -i, -ë == una penna stilografica == a fountain pen
  73. tendencë, -a, -a == una tendenza == a tendency, trend
  74. titull, -lli, -j == un titolo == a title
  75. tortë, -a, -a == una torta == a cake
  76. tradicional, -e == tradizionale == traditional
  77. tren, -i, -a == un treno == a train
  78. vazo, -ja, - == un vaso == a vaze
  79. vilë, -a, -a == una villa == a villa

Loan words for Swedish speakers / Lån ord för svensktalande[edit]

  1. fabrikë == en fabrik == a factory
  2. konkurrencë == en konkurrens == competition (market)
  3. natë, -e, net == en natt == a night.
  4. provë, -a, -a == ett prov == a test, experiment, fitting
  5. provoj == prova == to try
  6. radhë -a, -ë == en rad == a row
  7. redaktor, -, -ë == en redaktör == an editor
  8. shkumë == en skum == a foam

Loan words for Russian speakers[edit]

  1. banjë, -a, -a == ванная == bathroom
  2. bankomat, -i, -e == Банкомат == an ATM
  3. çaj, -i == чай == tea
  4. diabet, -i == диабет == diabetes
  5. gazetë, -a,- a == газета == a newspaper
  6. jug == юг == south
  7. kukull, -a, -a == кукла == a doll
  8. leksion, -i, -e == лекция == a lecture
  9. pallto, -ja, - == пальто == a coat
  10. reklamë, -a, -a == реклама == an ad
  11. shah, -u == шах == chess
  12. televizor, -i, -ë == телевизор == television set
  13. ti == ты == you (singular)

Loan words for Turkish speakers[edit]

  1. bakllava, -ja, - == baklava == baklava
  2. byrek, -u, -ë == börek == a savory pie
  3. çorapë, -, -e == çorap == a sock
  4. hamam == hamam == Turkish bath
  5. kolltuk, -u, kolltuqe == koltuk == armchair, seat
  6. osman, -e == Osmanlı == ottoman
  7. para, -ja, - == para == a money
  8. sulltan, -i, -ë == sultan == a sultan
  9. sheqer, -i == şeker == sugar
  10. shishe, -ja, -e == şişe == a bottle
  11. shisqebap, -i, -e == şiş kebap == shish kebab
  12. zarf, -i, -e == zarf == an envelope

Loan words for German speakers[edit]

  • mensë, -a, -a == die Mensa == a school cafeteria, a cantine
  • provim, -i, -e == eine Prüfung == a test, an exam

Loan words for Latin speakers[edit]

  1. e mërkurë, -a, -a == Mercurii == Wednesday
  2. monedhë, -a, -a == monetæ == coin, coinage, small change

Loan words for Spanish speakers[edit]

  1. telenovelë, -a, -a == una telenovela == a soap opera

Loan words for Greek speakers[edit]

  • portokall, -lli, -j == πορτοκάλια == an orange

False friends[edit]

  1. i,e habitur == surprised, astonished
  2. konvikt, -i, -e == a dormitory
  3. koran, -i, -ë == a trout
  4. verdhë == yellow

Resources for learning Albanian[edit]

Books for learning Albanian[edit]

  • Colloquial Albanian (2012) is an excellent book for anglophones by Linda Mëniku and Héctor Campos. It is concise and well organized. The learning curve gets steeper towards the end. Routledge, the publisher has kindly made audio for all text passages downloadable for free from the book's homepage. As of 2018 the vocabulary of this excellent book have not yet been made to a memrise. A previous edition in the same Colloquial series from the early 90's does have a memrise of the vocabulary.
  • Discovering Albanian 1 (2011) is also by Linda Mëniku and Héctor Campos and it consists of a textbook and workbook. As of 2018 there is no Discovering Albanian 2. The audio for the textbook can be accessed only via 2 CD's. Who has CD-players these days? Let's hope The University of Wisconsin Press wakes up and provides streaming and download at no extra charge.

Albanian radio[edit]

  • There are various streaming apps available in the app stores.
  • Live Online Radio is a radio streaming service for the web. It has one of the largest selections of Albanian radios.
  • Radio.garden has a beautiful user interface where you tune into radios by spinning a globe to the desired location of transmission.

Albanian TV[edit]

  • https://albanian.tv/ offers streaming of many of the popular Albanian TV channels. It often works, but occasionally the streams have trouble playing out without intermittent interruptions.
  • The RTSH Tani app is available for Android and iOS Apple phones. With the app you can access all the channels broadcast by RTSH including RTSH Film. The app does not have ads (excellent) whereas the RTSH channels do have ads. RTSH Tani app also features a VOD archive where you can watch recent programs up-to-2-days into the broadcasting history and a handy integrated EPG.

Films with Albanian subtitles[edit]

  • These you can find on Youtube by searching for 'filma me titra shqip'. Watching movies spoken in a language you understand while reading the subtitles in the language you want to learn is an excellent way to learn and refresh in a low-effort manner.
  • There are also Albanian films. These are unfortunately not subtitled and the speech is often really rapid. French do subtitle some of their own films on TV5MONDE to aid the non-natives tackle the 5 words per second pace.

Wiki literature[edit]

  • Wikibooks.org, Albanian version may be useful after you have gained the basics. Reading wikibooks of subjects and fields you already know may fast-forward your ability to read some text.
  • Albanian Wikipedia Same advice, select subjects this way you have a clear idea of what it is likely to say. Wikipedia writing is less predictable than a textbook.

Online texts[edit]

  • Foreign Services Institute (FSI) (1965) .pdf book on Albanian. From this I can recommend the history introduction of this text aimed mostly for US armed forces personel though naturally the FSI's work helps also non-military government workers to gain knowledge too. Albanian language has changed so much since 1965 that this cannot really be used to learn contemporary albanian but the intro is good if you are a history and culture puff.

Learning games[edit]

  • https://memrise.com is a spaced repetition flashcard and beyond language learning game and it has various memrises of varying quality. Memrise programs your brain slightly differently than traditional methods of vocabulary acquisition.
  • Basic Albanian 1 (~170 things to learn) and
  • Basic Albanian 2 (~210 things to learn) are of high quality, simple intros to the basic building blocks made by BaaS, an apparent memrise genius if you look at his productivity, scope and quality of his work.
  • (No typing) Albanian Menu (~110 things to learn). " For people intending to travel to Albania this memrise obviously highly recommendable as we all gotta eat. "No typing"-courses are fun because they are faster to play so you also get points faster.
  • Discovering Albanian 1 (~1800 things to learn) a professional quality memrise based on the vocabulary lists of the book of the same name. This memrise contains audio in high quality, consistency and precision for practically all words and phrases to be learned. This memrise has over 1800 things to learn so it is the biggest available. The makers of this memrise have used sensible notation: For nouns indefinite and definite singular and indefinite plural are given etc. etc.
  • Albanian Verbs (~480 things to learn). Teaches you the 1st person singular form of verbs (Albanian has no infinitives) with the exception of "to be" and "to have" where all present tense forms are taught in the last level.