Learning Albanian

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Welcome to Learning Albanian.[edit]

Shqiponja është e madhe në Shqipëri. The eagle is big in Albania. është, 3rd pers. sing. for "to be" is a loan word from Latin

The name of the Albanian language in Albanian language is 'shqip' and the name of the country Albania is 'Shqipëri' (indefinite (later indef.)) and 'Shqipëria. (definite (later def.))

Q is the most far-out non-western compliance letter in the Albanian language. It is pronounced a sharp 's' like in chuck.

Both of these could be derived from the word sq.'shqiponja' == en."the eagle" or is it the other way around that shqip is so awesome that the name of the eagle then gotta be shqiponja.

First things to know[edit]

Albanian flag is very red and black (kuq e zi) and sq."Shqiponja ka dy kokat!" == en."The eagle has two heads!". ka is the 3rd person singular for 'to have'. dy means two. kokat is definite plural form of kokë, head

Nouns: first things to know

As you may notice the Albanian nouns have their article affixed to the end of the noun and not preceding it. Later-on code like this 'Shqipëri, -a' tells you that the definite form is formed by adding the definite article '-a' to it.

Albanian has 2 grammatical genders: masculine and feminine but worry not, sing. indef. nouns that end in a consonant are masculines and nouns ending in a vowel are feminines. Exceptions are if the noun clearly is of the other gender than the vowel/consonant rule would say.

Verbs: first things to know:

Albanian verbs have no infinite forms so all the dictionaries have them listed by the 1st person singular. This is handy for quickly learning to express what I do or what I would like to do.

Adjectives: first things to know

For those of you who know French you'll feel at home as adjectives and adverbs are placed after the noun also in Albanian.

Nouns and adjectives are connected by an adjectival article. For nominative these are 'i' for masculine and 'e' for feminine.


Verbs[edit]

Albanian verbs are divided into 6 classes as follows:

  1. Class 1 - Verbs ending in 'j'
  2. Class 2 - Verbs ending in a consonant
  3. Class 3 - Verbs ending in a vowel
  4. Class 4 - Three verbs ending in 'i'
  5. Class 5 - Irregular verbs
  6. Class 6 - Verbs ending in '(h)em'

Class 1 verbs - end in 'j'[edit]

Albanian has quite a few verbs that end in 'j'


Class 2 verbs - end in a consonant[edit]

Albanian verbs - Class 2 - ending in a consonant.png


Class 3 verbs - end in a vowel[edit]

Albanian verbs - Class 3 - ending in a vowel.png


Class 4 verbs - the three verbs ending in 'i'[edit]

Albanian verbs - Class 4 - three verbs ending in 'i'.png


Class 5 verbs - irregular verbs[edit]

The verbs

  • "jam" == "to be" and
  • "kam" == "to have" are highly irregular, but the present indicative and imperfect indicative, present subjunctive and imperative forms of them are highly similar as you can see from the charts below.

Irregular verb "jam" == "to be" Irregular verb "kam == "to have"


Class 6 verbs - end in '(h)em'[edit]

Albanian verbs - Class 6 - verbs ending in '(h)em'.png


Building up vocabulary[edit]

Ë is not pronounced when it is at the end of a word. When inside a word it is like the syllable "uh".

Knowing the first things to know about nouns and adjectives now would be a good time to consider starting to play the Basic Albanian 1 on Memrise. Memrise programs your brain slightly differently than traditional methods, but hey, how harmful can it be?

Albanian has a lot of loan words but they come from a wide variety of languages including but not limited to Latin, English, Italian, French, Slavic, Germanic, Arabic, Swedish etc.

Jamaican shares from Albanian the word 'I ri'. In Albanian 'i ri' means both new and young for masculine nouns. Corresponding form for feminine nouns is 'e re'.

Lists of loan words[edit]

The forms given for nouns are

  1. Singular, indefinite
  2. Singular, definite
  3. Plural indefinite

The forms given for adjectives are

  1. Masculine
  2. Feminine (always just add an 'e' to end)

The forms given for verbs are

  1. First person singular present indicative
  2. First person singular simple past
  3. Past participle

Loan words for English speakers[edit]

On Saturday 2018-11-17 I made a copy of this list of loan words for English speakers to Wikibooks:Albanian/Loan_words_for_English_speakers and in the future when I add words I will update both this article and the one at Wikibooks. In the long term the best solution would be to put the words into a database, such as Wikidata and to generate the lists automatically from the database. This way there would not be the problem that some words that could be classified under "English" are instead in French or Italian because the pronunciation matches better those langauges.

A[edit]

  1. absurd, -e == absurd
  2. abuzim, -i, -e == an abuse
  3. abuzoj == to abuse
  4. administrativ, -e == administrative
  5. admirim, -i == admiration
  6. adoleshent, -i, -ë == an adolescent
  7. aeroplan, -i, -ë == an airplane
  8. aeroport, -i, -e == an airport
  9. aerobik, -e == aerobic (adj.)
  10. akademi, -a, - == an academy
  11. aksident, -i, -e == an accident
  12. akt, -i, -e == an act
  13. aktiv, -e == active
  14. aktivitet, -i, -e == an activity
  15. aktor, -i, -ë == an actor
  16. akuzoj == to accuse
  17. aleancë, -a, -a == an alliance
  18. amendament, -i, -e == an amendment
  19. ambasador, -i, -ë == an ambassador
  20. amerikan, -i, -ë == an American
  21. amfiteatër, -ri, -ro == an amphitheater
  22. amnion, -i, -e (?) == an amnion
  23. anemi, -a, -a == an anemia
  24. antik, -e == antique
  25. antikitet, -i == antiquity
  26. antologji == an anthology
  27. apartament, -i, -e == an apartment
  28. aplikacion, -i, -e == an application
  29. aplikoj, -ova, -uar == to apply
  30. arkeolog, -u, -ë == an archaeologist
  31. arkeologjik, -e == archaeological
  32. arkitekturor, -e == architectural
  33. aromë, -a, -a == an aroma
  34. arrestim, -i, -e == an arrest
  35. arrestoj == to arrest
  36. arrij == to arrive
  37. arrogant, -e == arrogant
  38. arterie, -a, -e == an artery
  39. artikull, -lli, -j == an article
  40. artist, -i, -ë == an artist
  41. artistik, -e == artistic
  42. aspiratë, -a, -a == an aspiration
  43. atom, -i, -e == an atom
  44. atmosferë, -a, -a == an atmosphere
  45. audiencë, -a, -a == an audience
  46. autor, -i, -ë == an author
  47. autoritarist, -e == authoritarian
  48. autoritet, -i, -ë == an authority

B[edit]

  1. bakter, -e, bakterie == bacterium
  2. balet, -i, -e == a ballet
  3. banane, -ia, -e == a banana
  4. bankë, -a, -a == a bank
  5. banknotë, -a, -a == a banknote
  6. barbar, -e == barbaric
  7. berber, -i, -e == a barber
  8. barometër, -ri, -ra == a barometer
  9. basketboll, -i == basketball
  10. basketbollist, -i, -ë == a baskeball player
  11. bazë, -ë, -a == a base
  12. bilanc, -i, -e == a balance (business)
  13. biznesmen, -i, -ë == a businessman
  14. blasfemoj == to blaspheme
  15. bllokoj == to block
  16. blu == blue
  17. bojkot, -i, -e == a boycott
  18. botanik, -e == botanical
  19. brokoli == broccoli
  20. bunker, -i, -ë == a bunker
  21. burokratik, -e == bureaucratic

C[edit]

  1. celular, -e == cellular
  2. ceremoni, -a, - == a ceremony
  3. cikël, -li, -le == a cycle
  4. ciklon, -i, -e == a cyclone
  5. citoplazmë, -ë (?), -a == a cytoplasm

Ç[edit]

  1. çek, -ku, -qe == a check (payment instrument)

D[edit]

  1. datë, -a, -a == a date (time)
  2. datoj == to date (time)
  3. debat, -i, -e == a debate
  4. dekade, -ë, -a == a decade
  5. deklaratë, -a, -a == a declaration, a statement
  6. deklaroj == to declare
  7. demonstrativ, -e == demonstrative
  8. dentar, -e == dental
  9. dentist, -i, -ë == a dentist
  10. derë, -a, dyer == a door
  11. desertor, -i ,-ë == a deserter
  12. deshirë, -a, -a == a desire
  13. deshiroj == to desire
  14. i,e detajuar == detailed
  15. dialekt, -i, -e == a dialect
  16. dietë, -a, -a == a diet
  17. dinamik, -e == dynamic
  18. diplomat, -i, -ë == a diplomat
  19. disidencë, -a, -a == dissidence
  20. disident, -i, -ë == a dissident
  21. diskutim, -i, -e == a discussion
  22. diskutoj == to discuss
  23. distancë, -a, -a == a distance
  24. dixhital == digital
  25. dizanoj == to design
  26. dokument, -i, -e == a document
  27. dokumentar, -i, -ë == a documentary
  28. domate, -ja, -e == a tomato
  29. dominoj == to dominate
  30. dozë, -a, -a == a dose

E[edit]

  1. editorial, -i, -e == an editorial
  2. edukatë, -a == an education
  3. efikasitet, -i, -e (?) == an efficacy
  4. egoist, -i, -ë == an egoist
  5. ekonomi, -a == economics
  6. ekonomik, -e == economical
  7. ekonomist, -i, -ë == an economist
  8. ekselencë, -a, -a == an excellence
  9. ekskursion, -i, -e == an excursion
  10. ekuilibër, -bri, -bri == an equilibrium
  11. ekzekutues, -e == executive
  12. elastik, -e == elastic
  13. elegant, -e == elegant
  14. elektricitet, -i == electricity
  15. elektronik, -e == electronic
  16. element, -i, -e == an element
  17. eliminoj, -ova, -uar == to eliminate
  18. elitë, -a, -a == an elite
  19. embrion, -i, -e == an embryo
  20. emigrim, -i, -e == an emigration
  21. energji, -a, -të == an energy
  22. epidermë == an epidermis
  23. estetik, -e == aesthetic

F[edit]

  1. i famshëm, e famshme == famous
  2. favor, -i, -e == a favour
  3. fazë, -a, -a == a phase
  4. fakt, -i, -e == a fact
  5. fanellë, -a, -a == a flannel shirt, undershirt
  6. i favorishëm, e -me == favourable
  7. federal, -e == federal
  8. fenomen, -i, -e == a phenomenon
  9. festival, -i, -e == a festival
  10. fetus, -i, -e == a fetus
  11. fibër, -ra, -ra == a fiber
  12. filëte, -a, -a == a fillet
  13. film, -i, -a == a film
  14. finalizoj == to finalize
  15. financier, -i, -ë == a financier
  16. fiskal, -e == fiscal
  17. firmë, -a, -a == a firm (business)
  18. flagrant, -e == flagrant
  19. fleksibilitet, -i, -e (?) == a flexibility
  20. fluks, -i, -e == a flux
  21. formal, -e == formal
  22. formë, -a, -a == a form, shape (paper or digital form is formular)
  23. formoj == to form
  24. fotogjenik, -e == photogenic
  25. fotografi, -a, - == a photograph
  26. fragmentoj == to fragment
  27. frutë, -a, -a == a fruit
  28. furnizim, -i, -e == furnishing, supplies
  29. furnizoj == to furnish
  30. futboll, -i == football (soccer)

G[edit]

  1. galeri, -a, - == a gallery
  2. gest, -i, -e == a gesture
  3. global, -e == global
  4. glob, -i, -e == a globe
  5. glukozë, -a, -a == glucose
  6. gradë, -a, -a == a grade, quality
  7. gradual, -e == gradual
  8. grup, -i, -e == a group
  9. guvernator, -i, -ë == a governor

Gj[edit]

  1. gjerman, -i, -ë == German (nationality)
  2. gjerman, -e == German (adj.)
  3. gjigant, -e == gigantic
  4. gjimnastikor, -i == gymnastic (adj.)

H[edit]

  1. hamburger, -i, -ë == a hamburger
  2. harmonik, -e == harmonic
  3. hemoglobinë, -a, -a == a hemoglobin
  4. heretik, -u, -ë == a heretic
  5. hero, -i, -nj == a hero
  6. hezitoj == to hesitate
  7. hibrid, -e == hybrid
  8. hierarkik, -e == hierarchical
  9. himn, -i, -e == a hymn
  10. hipokrit, -i, -ë == a hypocrite
  11. hipotezë, -a, -a == a hyptothesis
  12. historik, -e == historical
  13. holl, -i, -e == a hall
  14. hotel, -i, -e == a hotel

I[edit]

  1. identifikim, -i, -e == an identification
  2. ikonografik, -e == iconographic
  3. iluzion, -i, -e == an illusion
  4. imejl == email (also postë elektronike, email or e-mail)
  5. implementim, -i, -e == an implementation
  6. imponoj == to impose
  7. inauguroj, -ova, -uar == inaugurate
  8. individual, -e == individual (adj.)
  9. industri, -a, -a == an industry
  10. infarkt, -i, -e == an infarct
  11. infeksion, -i, -e == an infection
  12. informativ, -e == informative
  13. infrastrukturë, -a, -a == an infrastructure
  14. insistoj == to insist
  15. inspiroj == to inspire
  16. integrim, -i, -e == an integration
  17. intelekt, -i, -e == an intellect
  18. intelektual, -e == intellectual
  19. instrument, -i, -e == an instrument
  20. intensivisht == intensively
  21. intergritet == integrity
  22. interes, -i, -a == an interest
  23. internet, -i == the Internet
  24. interpretim, -i, -e == an interpretation
  25. interpretoj == to interpret
  26. Itali, -a == Italy
  27. italian, -e == Italian (adj.)
  28. italian, -i, -ë == Italian (nationality
  29. itinerar, -i, -e == an itinerary

J[edit]

  1. janar, -i == January
  2. ju == you

K[edit]

  1. kamp, -i, -e == a a camp
  2. kancer, -i, -e == a cancer
  3. kandidat, -i, -ë == a candidate
  4. kapacitet, -i, -e == a capacity
  5. kapilar, -, -ë == a capillary
  6. kapital, -i, -e (?) == a capital
  7. kaos, -i, -e == a chaos
  8. karbohidrat, -i, -e == a carbohydrate
  9. karbon, -i, -e == carbon
  10. karrierë, -ë, -a == a career
  11. katalog, -u, -ë == a catalogue
  12. katastrofë, -a, -a == a catastrophe
  13. kategori, -a, - == a category
  14. kazino, -ja, -të == a casino
  15. kështjellë, -a, -a == a castle, fortress
  16. kilogram, -i, -ë == a kilogram
  17. kilometër, -ri, -ra == a kilometer
  18. kitarist, -i, -ë == a guitarist
  19. kivi == a kiwi (fruit)
  20. klasifikim, -i, -e == a classification
  21. klasifikoj, -ova, -uar == to classify
  22. kler, -i, -e == a clergy
  23. klinikë, -a, -a == a clinic
  24. klon, -i, -e == a clone
  25. klorofil, -i, -ë == a chlorophyll
  26. klub, -i, -e == a club
  27. koherent, -e == coherent
  28. kolateral, -i, -e == a collateral
  29. koleg, -u, -ë == a colleague
  30. koleksion, -i, -e == a collection
  31. koleksonoj == to collect
  32. koloni, -a, - == a colony
  33. koment, -i, -e == a comment
  34. komision, -i, -e == a commission
  35. komunal, -e == communal
  36. kon, -i, -e == a cone
  37. koncept, -i, -e == a concept
  38. koncesion, -i, -e == a concession
  39. konflikt, -i, -e == a conflict
  40. konkret, -e == concrete (adj.)
  41. koordinim, -i, -e == a coordination
  42. koordinoj, -ova, -uar == to coordinate
  43. konsensual, -e == consensual
  44. konsensus, -i, -e == a consensus
  45. konsideratë, -a, -a == a consideration
  46. konspiroj == to conspire
  47. konstante, -ja - == a constant
  48. kopjoj == to copy
  49. kolesterol, -i == a cholesterol
  50. kombinim, -i, -e == a combination
  51. kompani, -a, - == a company
  52. kompetencë, -a, -a == a competence
  53. kompjuter, -i, -a == a computer
  54. kompresë, -a, -a == a compress
  55. komunitet, -i, -e == a community
  56. konferencë, -a, -a == a conference
  57. konfirmoj == to confirm
  58. konfuzion, -i, -e == a confusion
  59. konfirmim, -i, -e == a confirmation
  60. kongres, -i, -e == a congress
  61. konsideroj == to consider
  62. konsull, -lli, -j == a consul
  63. konsumohem == to be consumed
  64. konsumoj == to consume
  65. kontaktoj == to contact
  66. kontestoj, -ova, -uar == to contest
  67. kontrolloj == to control, inspect, examine
  68. kontroll, -i, -e == a control, check
  69. kopje, -a, -e == a copy
  70. korrekt, -e == correct (adj.)
  71. korrespondoj == to correspond
  72. korrigjoj == to correct
  73. korrupsion, -i, -e == a corruption
  74. kosto, -ja, - == a cost
  75. krap, -i, krep == a carp
  76. kreativitet, -i, -e == a creativity
  77. kredi, -a, -a == a credit
  78. krijoj == to create
  79. krim, -i, -e == a crime
  80. kritikë, -a, -a == a critique
  81. kritikoj == to critisize
  82. kromozom, -i, -e == a chromosome
  83. kualifikoj == to qualify
  84. kulm, -i, -e == a culmination
  85. kult, -i, -e == a cult
  86. kupë, -a, -a == a cup
  87. kurs, -i, -e == a course (studying or exchange rate)
  88. kushtoj == to cost

L[edit]

  1. letër, -ra, -ra == a letter, a card
  2. lider == a leader
  3. lidership, -i, -e == a leadership
  4. litër, -ri, -ra == a liter

M[edit]

  1. madhësti, -a == majesty, grandiosity
  2. mafie, -a, -a == a mafia
  3. magnet == a magnet
  4. marshoj == to march
  5. maskoj == to mask, camouflage, disguise
  6. material, -i, -e == material
  7. medalje, -, - == a medal
  8. meditoj == to meditate
  9. membranë, -a, -a == a membrane
  10. menaxher, -i, -ë == a manager
  11. marksist, -e == marxist
  12. menaxhoj == to manage
  13. menstruacion, -i, -e == a menstruation
  14. mentalitet, -i, -e == a mentality
  15. meritoj == to merit
  16. mikro == micro
  17. militant, -e == militant
  18. mineral == mineral
  19. ministër, -ri, -ra = a minister
  20. Ministri, -a, - == a ministry
  21. mision, -i, -e == a mission
  22. mister, -i, -e == a mystery
  23. model, -i, -e == a model
  24. modern, -e == modern
  25. molekulë, -a, -a == a molecule
  26. moment, -i, -e == a moment
  27. monoksid, -i, -e == monoxide
  28. monopol, -i, -e == a monopoly
  29. monopolistik, -e == monopolistic
  30. monument, -i, -e == a monument
  31. moral, -e == moral (adj.)
  32. mozaik, -i, -ë == a mosaic
  33. multikulturor, -e == multicultural
  34. i multilateralizëm, e -me == multilateralism
  35. mural, -e == mural (adj.)
  36. muskul, -i, -jt == a muscle
  37. muzikë, -a == music

N[edit]

  1. nacionalist, -e == nationalist (adj.)
  2. nacionalizëm, -zmi, -zma == nationalism
  3. nikotinë, -a, -a == a nicotine
  4. nostalgji, -a, -të == a nostalgy
  5. normalizim, -i, -e == normalization
  6. notar, -i, -ë == a notary
  7. numeroj == to number, numerate, count

O[edit]

  1. objekt, -i, -e == objects
  2. ofertë, -a, -a == an offer
  3. ofroj == to offer
  4. oksigjen, -i, -e == oxygen
  5. oksigjenoj == to oxygenate
  6. oligarki, -, -të (?) == an oligarchy
  7. operë, -a, -a == an opera
  8. operoj, -ova, -uar == to operate
  9. opinion, -i, -e == an opinion (also mendim)
  10. opozitë, -a, -a == an opposition
  11. oral, -e == oral
  12. organ, -i, -e == an organ
  13. organizëm, -i, -a == an organism
  14. organizoj, -ova, -uar == to organize
  15. ortodoks, -e == Orthodox
  16. ovidukt, - (?), -e == an oviduct
  17. ovulacion, -i, -e == an ovulation

P[edit]

  1. pako, -ja, - == a pack, packet, parcel
  2. pankreas, -i, -e (?) == a pancreas
  3. parlament, -i, -e == a parliament
  4. park, -ku, -qe == a park
  5. parti, -a, -të == a party (political)
  6. pasagjer, -i, -e == a passenger
  7. pasion, -i, -e == a passion
  8. pasionant, -e == passionate
  9. pasiv, -e == passive
  10. patriotik, -e == patriotic
  11. pazar, -i, -e == a bazaar, a marketplace
  12. penal, -e == penal
  13. penis, -i, -e == a penis
  14. periferi, -a, -të == a periphery
  15. periudhë, -a, -a == a period
  16. person, -i, -a == a person
  17. pianiste, -ja, -e == a pianist
  18. ping-pong == ping-pong, table tennis
  19. piper, -i == pepper (table spice)
  20. piramidë, -ë, -a == a pyramid
  21. pjek == to bake
  22. placentë, -a, -a == a placenta
  23. plan, -i, -e == a plan
  24. planet, -i, -e == a planet
  25. planifikoj == to plan
  26. plazme, -a, -a == a plasma
  27. pluralizëm, -mi == a pluralism
  28. poet, -i, -ë == a poet
  29. polemikë, -a, -a == a polemic
  30. polifoni, -a, - == a polyphony
  31. populist, -e == populist
  32. popullsi, -a, popujt == a population
  33. popullor, -e == popular
  34. porcelan, -i == porcelain
  35. portret, -i, -e == a portret
  36. postë, -a, -a == mail, post office post
  37. potencial, -i, -e == a potential
  38. pragmatik, -e == pragmatic
  39. pragmatizëm, -mi, -ma == a pragmatism
  40. preferoj, -ova, -uar == to prefer
  41. i,e preferuar == preferred
  42. prestigjoz -e == prestigious
  43. prill, -i == April
  44. prioritet, -, -e == a priority
  45. problem, -i, -e == a problem
  46. proces, -i, -e == a process
  47. prodhoj == to produce
  48. program, -i, -e == a program
  49. projekt, -i, -e == a project
  50. propozoj, -ova, -uar == to propose
  51. prostatë, -a, -e == a prostate
  52. proteine, -a, -a == a protein
  53. protestoj == to protest
  54. publik, -u == general public, audience
  55. publik, -e == public (adj.)
  56. puloverë, -a, -a == a pullover, a sweater
  57. puls, -i,- e == a pulse

Q[edit]

  1. qendër, -a, -a == a center

R[edit]

  1. radio, -ja, - == a radio
  2. raketë, -a, -a == a rocket
  3. raport, -i, -e == a report
  4. raportoj, -ova, -uar == to report
  5. raund, -i, -e == a round
  6. reagoj == to react
  7. realizoj == to realize, to achieve
  8. recesion, -i, -e == a recession
  9. reciprokisht == reciprocally
  10. recital, -i, -e == a recital
  11. rezervim, -i, -e == a reservation
  12. rezervoj, -ova, -uar == to reserve
  13. rezultat, -i, -e == a result
  14. reduktoj, -ova, -uar == to reduce
  15. referendum, -i, -e == a referendum
  16. reformë, -a, -a == a reform
  17. relativ, -e == relative (adj.)
  18. relativisht == relatively
  19. religjioz, -e == religious
  20. replikoj == to replicate
  21. restorant, -i, -e == a restaurant
  22. reumatizëm, -mi, -ma == rheumatism
  23. rezervë, -a, -a == a reserve
  24. rezolutë, -a, -a == a resolution
  25. rival, -i, -ë == a rival
  26. i,e rregullt == regular

S[edit]

  1. saktë == exactly
  2. i,e saktë == exact
  3. saktësi, -a, - == exactitude
  4. sandale, -ja, -e == sandals
  5. sanduiç, -i, -ë == a sandwich
  6. sanksion, -i, -e == a sanction
  7. sekret, -i, -e == a secret
  8. sekretar, -i, -ë == a secretary
  9. sekt, -i, -e == a sect
  10. sektor, -i, -ë == a sector
  11. sekuestroj, -ova, -uar == to sequestrate
  12. semestër, -ri, -ra == a semester
  13. seminar, -i, -e == a seminar
  14. sezon, -i, -e == a season
  15. sferë, -a, -a == a sphere
  16. shtet, -i, -e == a state, country
  17. simbiozë, -a, -a == a symbiosis
  18. simbolik, -e == symbolic, very cheap
  19. simptomë, -a, -a == a symptom
  20. sinjal, -i, -e == a signal
  21. i,e sinqertë == sincere
  22. situatë, -a, -a == a situation, condition
  23. skaner, -i, -ë == a scanner
  24. skanoj == to scan
  25. skemë, -a, -a == a scheme
  26. skizm, -i, -a == a schism
  27. sklerozë, -a, -a == a sclerosis
  28. social, -e == social
  29. solemn, -e == solemn, gala
  30. specialist, -, -ë == a specialist
  31. specifikë, -a, -a == a specific feature
  32. spektakël, -li, -le == a spectacle
  33. spektator, -i, -ë == a spectator
  34. spinaq, -i == spinach
  35. spital, -i, -e == a hospital
  36. sporadik, -e == sporadic
  37. staf, -i, -e == a staff
  38. statik, -e == static
  39. status, -i, -e == a status
  40. statut, -i, -e == a statute
  41. sugjerim, -i, -e == a suggestion
  42. sukses, -i, -e == success
  43. stimulim, -i, -e == a stimulation
  44. stimuloj, -ova, -uar == to stimulate
  45. stomak, -u, -ë == a stomach
  46. stres, -i == stress
  47. studim, -i, -e == a study
  48. studioj == to study

Sh[edit]

  1. shkollë, -a, -a == a school

T[edit]

  1. taksi, -a, - == a taxi
  2. tekst, -i, -e == a text
  3. telefon, -i, -a == a telephone
  4. telefon celular == a cell phone
  5. tempull, -lli, -j == a temple
  6. tender, -i, -ë == a tender
  7. terapi == a therapy
  8. termometër, -ri, -ra == a thermometer
  9. terror, -i, -e == a terror
  10. total, -i, -e == a total
  11. total, -e == total (adj.)
  12. totalitar, -e == totalitarian
  13. torturë, -a, -a == torture
  14. trafikant, -i, -ë == a trafficker
  15. trafikim, -i, -e == a trafficking
  16. trajner, -i, -ë == a trainer
  17. trajtim, -i, -e == a treatment
  18. trajtoj == to treat
  19. transferim, -i, -e == a transfer
  20. transparent, -e == transparent
  21. transport, -i, -e == a transport
  22. trojan, -i, -ë == Trojan
  23. tub, -i, -a == a tube
  24. turist, -i, -ë == a tourist
  25. turistik, -e == touristic

U[edit]

  1. unik, -e == unique
  2. uretër, -ra, -ra == an urethra
  3. urgjencë, -a, -a == an urgency
  4. urgjent, -e == urgent

V[edit]

  1. vaginë, -a, -a == a vagina
  2. vaksinë, -a, -a == a vaccine
  3. valvul, -a, -a == a valve
  4. vanilje, -a == vanilla
  5. variant, -i, -e == a variant, variation
  6. varioj, -ova, -uar == to vary
  7. vëllim, -i, -e == volume
  8. venë, -, -a == a vein
  9. viktimë, -a, -a == a victim
  10. violinë, -a, -a == a violin
  11. vitaminë, -a, -a == a vitamin
  12. vizitoj == to visit
  13. volejboll, -i == volleyball
  14. votë, -a, -a == a vote
  15. votim, -i, -e == a voting

Xh[edit]

  1. xhaketë, -a, -a == a jacket
  2. xhinse == jeans, denim

Z[edit]

  1. zero == zero
  2. zigot, -i, -a == a zygote
  3. zonë, -a, -a == zone, area, region

Loan words for French speakers[edit]

These often come via Italian or are originally from Latin by which the words not so magically happen to often be the same in French. Jukeboksi (talk)

  1. abazhur, -i, -e == un abat-jour == a lampshade
  2. adhuroj == adorer == to worship
  3. aktualitet, -i, -e == une actualité == an actuality
  4. alkool, -i, -e == un alcool == alcohol
  5. ambasadë, -a, -a == une ambassade == an embassy
  6. anulim, -i, -e == une annulation == a cancellation
  7. analizë, -a, -a == une analyse == an analysis
  8. ansambël, -li, -lë == un ensamble == a (performing) group
  9. arbitrazh, -i, -e == un arbitrage == an arbitrage
  10. avion, -i, -ë == un avion == an airplane
  11. avokat, -i, -e == un avocat == a lawyer
  12. bibliotekë, -a, -a == une bibliothèque == a library
  13. biftek, -u, -ë == un bifteck == a beefsteak
  14. biletë, -a, -a == un billet == a ticket
  15. bluzë, -a, -a == une blouse == a blouse
  16. bursë, -a, -a == une bourse == this word means both, like in French, a stock exchange and a study grant for undergraduates
  17. diskotekë, -a, -a == une discothèque == a diskotheque
  18. dakord == d'accord == agreed, all right
  19. i disponueshëm, e -me == disponible
  20. divorc == un divorce == a divorce
  21. ekran, -i, -e == un écran == a screen
  22. ekspozitë, -a, -a == une exposition == an exhibition
  23. emision, -i, -e == une émission == TV/radio show, program, broadcast
  24. filial, -i, -e == une filiale == a subsidiary (company)
  25. fill, -i, fije == un fil == a thread
  26. financiar, -e == financier == financial
  27. fizikë, -a == une physique == physics
  28. Francẽ, -a, -a == La France == France
  29. francez, -i, -ë == un français == a French
  30. francez, -e == français, -e == French (adj.)
  31. galeri, -a, - == une galerie == a gallery
  32. gaz, -i, -e == un gaz == a gas
  33. gjeografik, -e == géographique == geographic
  34. gjest, -i, -e == un geste == a gesture
  35. grevë == une grève == a strike
  36. gri == gris == grey
  37. grip, -i, -e == une grippe == a flu
  38. hipotekë, -a, -a == une hypothèque == a mortgage
  39. ide, -ja, - == une idée == an idea
  40. inkonjito == incognito == incognito
  41. institucion, -i, -e == une institution == an institution
  42. interesant, -e == interesant == interesting
  43. inxhinier, -i, -ë == un ingénieur == an engineer
  44. juridik, -e == juridique == legal, judicial
  45. kabinë, -a, -a == une cabine == a booth
  46. kafe, -ja, -e == un café == a coffee
  47. kanal, -i, -e == un canal == a channel
  48. kanion, -i, -e == un canyon == a canyon
  49. karakter, -i, -e == un caractère == a character, nature
  50. karakteristik, -e == caractéristique == characteristic
  51. karburant, -i , -e == un carburant == a fuel
  52. karotë, -a, -a == une carotte == a carrot
  53. kartë, -a, -a == une carte == a card (also a paper)
  54. kartë krediti == une carte de crédit == a credit card
  55. katër == quatre == four
  56. katolik, -e == catholique == catholic
  57. këmishë, -a, -ë == une chemise == a shirt
  58. kimi, -a == chimie == chemistry
  59. klient, -i, -ë == un client == a client
  60. koleg, -u, -ë == un collègue == a colleague
  61. komedi, -a, - == une comédie == a comedy
  62. komplikacion, -i, -e == une complication == a complication
  63. kontratë, -a, -a == un contrat == a contract, agreement
  64. kostum, -i, -e == un costume == a costume, a suit
  65. krem, -, -e == une crème == cream
  66. krem karamel == la crème caramel == caramel dessert
  67. krizë, -a, -a == une crise == a crisis
  68. kronikë, -a, -a == une chronique == a chronicle, news
  69. kuadër, -ri, -ro == un cadre == frame, setting
  70. kulturë, -a, -a == une culture == a culture
  71. kurs, -i, -e == un course == rate, course
  72. kuzhinë, -a, -a == une cuisine == a kitchen
  73. laborator, -i, -ë == un laboratoire == a laboratory
  74. lahutë, -a, -a == un luth == a lute
  75. latin, -e == latin -e
  76. latino-amerkan -e == Latino-américain -e
  77. legjendë, -a, -a == une légende == a legend
  78. librari, -a, - == une librarie == a bookstore
  79. linjë, -a, -a == une ligne == a line
  80. lokal, -i,- e == un local == premises, room
  81. madhësti -a == une majesté == a majesty
  82. maj, -i == maj == May
  83. mandarinë, -a, -a == une mandarine == a mandarin
  84. mars, -i == mars == March
  85. mathematikë, -a, == un mathématique == mathematics
  86. më == me == me, to me (attn. më can be a number of other things to in sentences)
  87. meny, -ja, - == un menu == a menu
  88. menyrë, -a, -a == une manière == manner, way
  89. mesazh -i, -e == un message == a message
  90. miliard, -i, -ë == un milliard == a billion
  91. milion, -i, ë == un million == a million
  92. modë, -a == une mode == fashion
  93. monogami, -a, -a == la monogamie == monogamy
  94. mur, -i, -e == un mur == a wall
  95. muze, -u - == un musée == a museum
  96. natyrë, -a == une nature == a nature
  97. nivel, -i, -e == un niveau == a level
  98. oriz, -i == riz == rice
  99. paketë, -a, -a == un paquet == a package
  100. park, -u, -qe == un parc == a park
  101. pasion, -i, -e == une passion == a passion
  102. peizazh, -i, -e == un paysage == a scenery
  103. periudhë, -a, -a == une période == a period, time
  104. person, -i, -a == une personne == a person
  105. personalitet, -i, -e == une personnalité == a personality
  106. përqindje, -a, -e == un pourcentage == a percentage
  107. pishinë, -a, -a == une piscine == a swimming pool
  108. pistë, -a, -a == une piste == lane, floor
  109. pjesë, -a, -e == une pièce == a piece
  110. plazh, -i, -e == une plage == a beach
  111. politik, -e == politique == political
  112. politikë, -a, -a == une politique == a policy
  113. portë, -a, -a == une porte == a gate
  114. pozicion, -i, -e == une position == a position
  115. presion, -i, -e == une pression == a pressure
  116. prezantim == présentation == presentation
  117. principatë, -a, -a == une principauté == a principality, princedom
  118. prokuror, -i, -ë == un procureur == a prosecutor
  119. prozë, -a, -a == une prose == a prose
  120. pulë, -a, -a == un poulet == a chicken
  121. qershi, -a, - == une cerise == a cherry
  122. qiell, -lli, -j == le ciel == the sky.
  123. recepsioniste, -ja, -e == une réceptionniste == a receptionist (fem.)
  124. rezultat, -i, -e == un résultat == a result
  125. rigon, -i == origan == oregano
  126. rol, -i, -e == un rôle == a role
  127. roman, -i, -e == un roman == a novel
  128. rrobë, -a, -a == une robe == clothes
  129. sallë, -a, -a == une salle == lobby, auditorium, room
  130. sandale, -ja, -e == une sandale == a sandal
  131. seri, -a, - == une série == a series
  132. shans, -i, -e == une chance == a chance
  133. shef, -i, -a == le chef == a chef, a chief, a boss
  134. shifër, -ra, -ra == un chiffre == a figure, cipher
  135. shofer, -i, -ë == un chauffeur == a driver
  136. shurup, -i, -e == un sirop == a syrup
  137. sistem, -i, -ë == un système == a system
  138. strateg, -u, -ë == un stratège == a strategist
  139. strategjik, -e == stratégique == strategic
  140. studio, -ja, - == un studio == a studio
  141. sugjeroj, -ova, -uar == suggérer == to suggest
  142. supë, -a, -a == une soupe == a soup
  143. suvenir, -i, -e == un souvenir == a souvenir
  144. tabelë, -a, -a == une table == (black)board
  145. tarracë, -a, -a == une terrasse == a terrace
  146. teatër, -ri, -ro - un théâtre - a theatre
  147. teatral, -e == théâtral == theatrical
  148. teknik, -e == technique == technical
  149. teknologji, -a, - == une technologie == a technology
  150. temperaturë, -a, -a == une température == a temperature
  151. tragjedi -a == une tragédie == a tradegy
  152. transfertë, -a, -a == un transfert == a transfer, transaction
  153. i,e trishtuar - triste - sad
  154. temë, -a, -a == un thème == a theme, topic
  155. tension, -i == une tension (artérielle) == blood pressure
  156. traditë, -a, -a == une tradition == a tradition
  157. trupë, -a, -a == une troupe == a troupe, company, band
  158. unitet, -i, -e == une unité == an unity
  159. universitet, -i, -e == une université == an university
  160. valixhe, -ja, -e == une valise == a suitcase, baggage
  161. vegjetal, -e == végétal == vegetable (adj.)
  162. verandë, -a, -a == une véranda == a terrace, veranda
  163. vitrinë, -a, -a == une vitrine == a shop window
  164. vizë, -a, -a == un visa == a visa
  165. vizitë, -a, -a == une visite == a visit
  166. vizitor, -i, -ë == un visiteur == a visitor
  167. vlerë, -a, -a == une valeur == a value

Loan words for Italian speakers[edit]

  1. aleancë, -a, -a == un'alleanza == an alliance
  2. ambient, -i, -e == un ambiente == an ambiance
  3. antipastë, -a, -a == un antipasto == an antipasti
  4. argjend, -i == argento == silver
  5. autobus, -i, -ë == un autobus == a bus
  6. ballkon, -i, -e == un balcone == a balcony
  7. biçikletë, -a, -a == una bicicletta == a bicycle
  8. birrë, -a, -a == una birra == a beer
  9. biskotë, -a, -a == un biscotto == a biscuit
  10. bizele, -ja, -e == un pisello == a bean
  11. çokolatë, -a, -a == una cioccolata == a chocolate
  12. diafragmë, -a, -a == a diaphragm
  13. divan, -i, -e == un divano == a sofa, a couch
  14. faturë, -a, -a == una fattura == a bill
  15. fitore, -ja, -e == una vittoria == a victory
  16. forum, -i, -e == un forum == a forum
  17. i,e fortë == forte == strong
  18. i,e freskët == fresco == fresh
  19. freskues, -e == rinfrescante == refreshing
  20. garazh, -i, -e == un garage == a garage
  21. gjigand, -i, -ë == un gigante == a giant
  22. gjykatës, -i, - == un giudice == a judge
  23. gusht, -i == agosto == August
  24. higjenë, -a == igiene == hygiene
  25. institucion, -i, -e == un'istituzione == an institution
  26. kakao, -ja, - == un cacao == a cocoa
  27. kallamar, -i, -ë == un calamaro == a calamari
  28. kamarier, -i, -ë == un camriere == a waiter
  29. kamion, -i, -e == un camion == a truck
  30. kapelë, -a, -a == un cappello == a cap (hat)
  31. kapitull, -lli, -j == un capitolo == a chapter
  32. kështjellë, -a, -a == un castello == a castle
  33. klime, -a, -a == un clima == a climate
  34. krap,- i, krep == una carpa == a carp
  35. klimë, -a, -a == un clima == a climate
  36. konkurrencë, -a == concorrenza == a competition
  37. konkurrent, -i, -ë == un concorrente == a competitor
  38. konsum, -i, -e == un consumo == consumption
  39. kontribut, -i, -e == un contributo == a contribution
  40. libër, -ri, -ra == un libro == a book
  41. limon, -i, -ë == un limone == a lemon
  42. makinë, -a, -a == una macchina == a car
  43. mas == mas == to weigh
  44. mit, -i, -e == un mito == a myth
  45. mobilje, -a, -e == un mobile == furniture
  46. nip, -i, -a == un nipote == a cousin
  47. orë, -a, -ë == un'ora == an hour (or a clock)
  48. origjinë, -a, -a == un'orignine == an origin
  49. pacient, -i, -ë == un paziente == a patient (male)
  50. pagesë, -a, -a == un pagamento == a payment
  51. paguaj, -ova, -uar == pagare == to pay
  52. paqe, -ja == pace == peace
  53. papagall, -lli, -j == un pappagallo == a parrot
  54. pantallona, -t == un pantalone == pants
  55. patate, -ja, -e == una patata == a potato
  56. patatinë, -a, -a == patatine == potato chips
  57. peshk, -u, peshq == un pesce == a fish
  58. peshkatar, -i, -ë == un pescatore == a fisherman
  59. për == per == for, about
  60. peshë, -a, -a == peso == weight
  61. picë, -a, -a == una pizza == a pizza
  62. pikant, -i, -ë == piccante == spicy
  63. piktor, -i, -ë == un pittore == a painter
  64. pjatë, -a, -a == un piatto == a plate, a dish, a course (food)
  65. pompë, -, -a == una pompa == a pump
  66. pompoj == pompa == to pump
  67. pozicion, -i, -e == una posizione == a position
  68. proshutë, -a, -a == un prosciutto == a ham (also means bacon)
  69. rezistencë, -a, -a == una resistenza == a resistance
  70. salcë, -ë, -a == una salsa == a sauce
  71. salsiçise, -ja, -e == una salsiccia == a sausage
  72. sallatë, -a, -a == un'insalata == a salad
  73. siguri, -a, - == una sicurezza == a certainty
  74. sinkron, -e == synchrone == synchronous
  75. skuadër, -ra, -ra == una squadra == a team
  76. stilograf, -i, -ë == una penna stilografica == a fountain pen
  77. tendencë, -a, -a == una tendenza == a tendency, trend
  78. titull, -lli, -j == un titolo == a title
  79. tortë, -a, -a == una torta == a cake
  80. tradicional, -e == tradizionale == traditional
  81. tren, -i, -a == un treno == a train
  82. vazo, -ja, - == un vaso == a vaze
  83. vilë, -a, -a == una villa == a villa
  84. xhiro, -, - == un giro == a round, lap

Loan words for Swedish speakers / Lån ord för svensktalande[edit]

  1. fabrikë == en fabrik == a factory
  2. konkurrencë == en konkurrens == competition (market)
  3. natë, -e, net == en natt == a night.
  4. provë, -a, -a == ett prov == a test, experiment, fitting
  5. provoj == prova == to try
  6. radhë -a, -ë == en rad == a row
  7. redaktor, -, -ë == en redaktör == an editor
  8. shkumë == en skum == a foam

Loan words for Russian speakers[edit]

  1. banjë, -a, -a == ванная == bathroom
  2. bankomat, -i, -e == Банкомат == an ATM
  3. çaj, -i == чай == tea
  4. diabet, -i == диабет == diabetes
  5. gazetë, -a,- a == газета == a newspaper
  6. jug == юг == south
  7. kukull, -a, -a == кукла == a doll
  8. leksion, -i, -e == лекция == a lecture
  9. pallto, -ja, - == пальто == a coat
  10. reklamë, -a, -a == реклама == an ad
  11. shah, -u == шах == chess
  12. televizor, -i, -ë == телевизор == television set
  13. ti == ты == you (singular)

Loan words for Turkish speakers[edit]

  1. bakllava, -ja, - == baklava == baklava
  2. byrek, -u, -ë == börek == a savory pie
  3. çorapë, -, -e == çorap == a sock
  4. hamam == hamam == Turkish bath
  5. kolltuk, -u, kolltuqe == koltuk == armchair, seat
  6. osman, -e == Osmanlı == ottoman
  7. para, -ja, - == para == a money
  8. sulltan, -i, -ë == sultan == a sultan
  9. sheqer, -i == şeker == sugar
  10. shishe, -ja, -e == şişe == a bottle
  11. shisqebap, -i, -e == şiş kebap == shish kebab
  12. zarf, -i, -e == zarf == an envelope

Loan words for German speakers[edit]

  • mensë, -a, -a == die Mensa == a school cafeteria, a cantine
  • provim, -i, -e == eine Prüfung == a test, an exam

Loan words for Latin speakers[edit]

  1. e mërkurë, -a, -a == Mercurii == Wednesday
  2. monedhë, -a, -a == monetæ == coin, coinage, small change

Loan words for Spanish speakers[edit]

  1. telenovelë, -a, -a == una telenovela == a soap opera

Loan words for Greek speakers[edit]

  • portokall, -lli, -j == πορτοκάλια == an orange

False friends[edit]

  1. i,e habitur == surprised, astonished
  2. konvikt, -i, -e == a dormitory
  3. koran, -i, -ë == a trout
  4. verdhë == yellow

Resources for learning Albanian[edit]

Books for learning Albanian[edit]

  • Colloquial Albanian (2012) is an excellent book for anglophones by Linda Mëniku and Héctor Campos. It is concise and well organized. The learning curve gets steeper towards the end. Routledge, the publisher has kindly made audio for all text passages downloadable for free from the book's homepage. As of 2018 the vocabulary of this excellent book have not yet been made to a memrise. A previous edition in the same Colloquial series from the early 90's does have a memrise of the vocabulary.
  • Discovering Albanian 1 (2011) is also by Linda Mëniku and Héctor Campos and it consists of a textbook and workbook. As of 2018 there is no Discovering Albanian 2. The audio for the textbook can be accessed only via 2 CD's. Who has CD-players these days? Let's hope The University of Wisconsin Press wakes up and provides streaming and download at no extra charge.

Albanian radio[edit]

  • There are various streaming apps available in the app stores.
  • Live Online Radio is a radio streaming service for the web. It has one of the largest selections of Albanian radios.
  • Radio.garden has a beautiful user interface where you tune into radios by spinning a globe to the desired location of transmission.

Albanian TV[edit]

  • https://albanian.tv/ offers streaming of many of the popular Albanian TV channels. It often works, but occasionally the streams have trouble playing out without intermittent interruptions.
  • The RTSH Tani app is available for Android and iOS Apple phones. With the app you can access all the channels broadcast by RTSH including RTSH Film. The app does not have ads (excellent) whereas the RTSH channels do have ads. RTSH Tani app also features a VOD archive where you can watch recent programs up-to-2-days into the broadcasting history and a handy integrated EPG.

Films with Albanian subtitles[edit]

  • These you can find on Youtube by searching for 'filma me titra shqip'. Watching movies spoken in a language you understand while reading the subtitles in the language you want to learn is an excellent way to learn and refresh in a low-effort manner.
  • There are also Albanian films. These are unfortunately not subtitled and the speech is often really rapid. French do subtitle some of their own films on TV5MONDE to aid the non-natives tackle the 5 words per second pace.

Wiki literature[edit]

  • Wikibooks.org, Albanian version may be useful after you have gained the basics. Reading wikibooks of subjects and fields you already know may fast-forward your ability to read some text.
  • Albanian Wikipedia Same advice, select subjects this way you have a clear idea of what it is likely to say. Wikipedia writing is less predictable than a textbook.

Online texts[edit]

  • Foreign Services Institute (FSI) (1965) .pdf book on Albanian. From this I can recommend the history introduction of this text aimed mostly for US armed forces personel though naturally the FSI's work helps also non-military government workers to gain knowledge too. Albanian language has changed so much since 1965 that this cannot really be used to learn contemporary albanian but the intro is good if you are a history and culture puff.

Learning games[edit]

  • https://memrise.com is a spaced repetition flashcard and beyond language learning game and it has various memrises of varying quality. Memrise programs your brain slightly differently than traditional methods of vocabulary acquisition.
  • Basic Albanian 1 (~170 things to learn) and
  • Basic Albanian 2 (~210 things to learn) are of high quality, simple intros to the basic building blocks made by BaaS, an apparent memrise genius if you look at his productivity, scope and quality of his work.
  • (No typing) Albanian Menu (~110 things to learn). " For people intending to travel to Albania this memrise obviously highly recommendable as we all gotta eat. "No typing"-courses are fun because they are faster to play so you also get points faster.
  • Discovering Albanian 1 (~1800 things to learn) a professional quality memrise based on the vocabulary lists of the book of the same name. This memrise contains audio in high quality, consistency and precision for practically all words and phrases to be learned. This memrise has over 1800 things to learn so it is the biggest available. The makers of this memrise have used sensible notation: For nouns indefinite and definite singular and indefinite plural are given etc. etc.
  • Albanian Verbs (~480 things to learn). Teaches you the 1st person singular form of verbs (Albanian has no infinitives) with the exception of "to be" and "to have" where all present tense forms are taught in the last level.