Learning Albanian

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Welcome to Learning Albanian.[edit]

Shqiponja është e madhe në Shqipëri. The eagle is big in Albania. është, 3rd pers. sing. for "to be" is a loan word from Latin

The name of the Albanian language in Albanian language is 'shqip' and the name of the country Albania is 'Shqipëri' (indefinite (later indef.)) and 'Shqipëria. (definite (later def.))

Q is the most far-out non-western compliance letter in the Albanian language. It is pronounced a sharp 's' like in chuck.

Both of these could be derived from the word sq.'shqiponja' == en."the eagle" or is it the other way around that shqip is so awesome that the name of the eagle then gotta be shqiponja.

First things to know[edit]

Albanian flag is very red and black (kuq e zi) and sq."Shqiponja ka dy kokat!" == en."The eagle has two heads!". ka is the 3rd person singular for 'to have'. dy means two. kokat is definite plural form of kokë, head

Nouns: first things to know

As you may notice the Albanian nouns have their article affixed to the end of the noun and not preceding it. Later-on code like this 'Shqipëri, -a' tells you that the definite form is formed by adding the definite article '-a' to it.

Albanian has 2 grammatical genders: masculine and feminine but worry not, sing. indef. nouns that end in a consonant are masculines and nouns ending in a vowel are feminines. Exceptions are if the noun clearly is of the other gender than the vowel/consonant rule would say.

Verbs: first things to know:

Albanian verbs have no infinite forms so all the dictionaries have them listed by the 1st person singular. This is handy for quickly learning to express what I do or what I would like to do.

Adjectives: first things to know

For those of you who know French you'll feel at home as adjectives and adverbs are placed after the noun also in Albanian.

Nouns and adjectives are connected by an adjectival article. For nominative these are 'i' for masculine and 'e' for feminine.


Verbs[edit]

Albanian verbs are divided into 6 classes as follows:

  1. Class 1 - Verbs ending in 'j'
  2. Class 2 - Verbs ending in a consonant
  3. Class 3 - Verbs ending in a vowel
  4. Class 4 - Three verbs ending in 'i'
  5. Class 5 - Irregular verbs
  6. Class 6 - Verbs ending in '(h)em'

Class 1 verbs - end in 'j'[edit]

Albanian has quite a few verbs that end in 'j'


Class 2 verbs - end in a consonant[edit]

Albanian verbs - Class 2 - ending in a consonant.png


Class 3 verbs - end in a vowel[edit]

Albanian verbs - Class 3 - ending in a vowel.png


Class 4 verbs - the three verbs ending in 'i'[edit]

Albanian verbs - Class 4 - three verbs ending in 'i'.png


Class 5 verbs - irregular verbs[edit]

The verbs

  • "jam" == "to be" and
  • "kam" == "to have" are highly irregular, but the present indicative and imperfect indicative, present subjunctive and imperative forms of them are highly similar as you can see from the charts below.

Irregular verb "jam" == "to be" Irregular verb "kam == "to have"


Class 6 verbs - end in '(h)em'[edit]

Albanian verbs - Class 6 - verbs ending in '(h)em'.png


Building up vocabulary[edit]

Ë is not pronounced when it is at the end of a word. When inside a word it is like the syllable "uh".

Knowing the first things to know about nouns and adjectives now would be a good time to consider starting to play the Basic Albanian 1 on Memrise. Memrise programs your brain slightly differently than traditional methods, but hey, how harmful can it be?

Albanian has a lot of loan words but they come from a wide variety of languages including but not limited to Latin, English, Italian, French, Slavic, Germanic, Arabic, Swedish etc.

Jamaican shares from Albanian the word 'I ri'. In Albanian 'i ri' means both new and young for masculine nouns. Corresponding form for feminine nouns is 'e re'.

Lists of loan words[edit]

The forms given for nouns are

  1. Singular, indefinite
  2. Singular, definite
  3. Plural indefinite

The forms given for adjectives are

  1. Masculine
  2. Feminine (always just add an 'e' to end)

The forms given for verbs are

  1. First person singular present indicative
  2. First person singular simple past
  3. Past participle

Loan words for English speakers[edit]

On Saturday 2018-11-17 I made a copy of this list of loan words for English speakers to Wikibooks:Albanian/Loan_words_for_English_speakers and in the future when I add words I will update both this article and the one at Wikibooks. In the long term the best solution would be to put the words into a database, such as Wikidata and to generate the lists automatically from the database. This way there would not be the problem that some words that could be classified under "English" are instead in French or Italian because the pronunciation matches better those langauges.

A[edit]

  1. absurd, -e == absurd
  2. abuzim, -i, -e == an abuse
  3. abuzoj == to abuse
  4. administrativ, -e == administrative
  5. admirim, -i == admiration
  6. adoleshent, -i, -ë == an adolescent
  7. aeroplan, -i, -ë == an airplane
  8. aeroport, -i, -e == an airport
  9. aerobik, -e == aerobic (adj.)
  10. agoni, -a == an agony
  11. akademi, -a, - == an academy
  12. aksident, -i, -e == an accident
  13. akt, -i, -e == an act
  14. aktiv, -e == active
  15. aktivitet, -i, -e == an activity
  16. aktor, -i, -ë == an actor
  17. akuzë, -a, -a == an accusation
  18. akuzoj == to accuse
  19. aleancë, -a, -a == an alliance
  20. amendament, -i, -e == an amendment
  21. ambasador, -i, -ë == an ambassador
  22. amerikan, -i, -ë == an American
  23. amfiteatër, -ri, -ro == an amphitheater
  24. amnion, -i, -e (?) == an amnion
  25. anemi, -a, -a == an anemia
  26. anormal, -e == anormal
  27. antik, -e == antique
  28. antikitet, -i == antiquity
  29. antologji == an anthology
  30. apartament, -i, -e == an apartment
  31. aplikacion, -i, -e == an application
  32. aplikoj, -ova, -uar == to apply
  33. arkeolog, -u, -ë == an archaeologist
  34. arkeologjik, -e == archaeological
  35. arkitekturor, -e == architectural
  36. aromë, -a, -a == an aroma
  37. arrestim, -i, -e == an arrest
  38. arrestoj == to arrest
  39. arrij == to arrive
  40. arrogant, -e == arrogant
  41. arterie, -a, -e == an artery
  42. artikull, -lli, -j == an article
  43. artist, -i, -ë == an artist
  44. artistik, -e == artistic
  45. aspiratë, -a, -a == an aspiration
  46. atom, -i, -e == an atom
  47. atmosferë, -a, -a == an atmosphere
  48. audiencë, -a, -a == an audience
  49. autentik, -e == authentic
  50. autor, -i, -ë == an author
  51. autoritarist, -e == authoritarian
  52. autoritet, -i, -ë == an authority

B[edit]

  1. bakter, -e, bakterie == bacterium
  2. balet, -i, -e == a ballet
  3. banane, -ia, -e == a banana
  4. bankë, -a, -a == a bank
  5. banknotë, -a, -a == a banknote
  6. barbar, -e == barbaric
  7. berber, -i, -e == a barber
  8. barometër, -ri, -ra == a barometer
  9. basketboll, -i == basketball
  10. basketbollist, -i, -ë == a baskeball player
  11. bazë, -ë, -a == a base
  12. bilanc, -i, -e == a balance (business)
  13. biznesmen, -i, -ë == a businessman
  14. blasfemoj == to blaspheme
  15. bllokoj == to block
  16. blu == blue
  17. bojkot, -i, -e == a boycott
  18. botanik, -e == botanical
  19. brokoli == broccoli
  20. bunker, -i, -ë == a bunker
  21. burokratik, -e == bureaucratic

C[edit]

  1. celular, -e == cellular
  2. ceremoni, -a, - == a ceremony
  3. cikël, -li, -le == a cycle
  4. ciklon, -i, -e == a cyclone
  5. citoplazmë, -ë (?), -a == a cytoplasm

Ç[edit]

  1. çek, -ku, -qe == a check (payment instrument)

D[edit]

  1. datë, -a, -a == a date (time)
  2. datoj == to date (time)
  3. debat, -i, -e == a debate
  4. dekade, -ë, -a == a decade
  5. deklaratë, -a, -a == a declaration, a statement
  6. deklaroj == to declare
  7. dekret, -i, -e == a decree
  8. demonstrativ, -e == demonstrative
  9. denoncoj == to denounce
  10. dentar, -e == dental
  11. dentist, -i, -ë == a dentist
  12. derë, -a, dyer == a door
  13. desertor, -i ,-ë == a deserter
  14. deshirë, -a, -a == a desire
  15. deshiroj == to desire
  16. i,e detajuar == detailed
  17. dialekt, -i, -e == a dialect
  18. dietë, -a, -a == a diet
  19. dinamik, -e == dynamic
  20. diplomat, -i, -ë == a diplomat
  21. disidencë, -a, -a == dissidence
  22. disident, -i, -ë == a dissident
  23. diskutim, -i, -e == a discussion
  24. diskutoj == to discuss
  25. distancë, -a, -a == a distance
  26. dixhital == digital
  27. dizanoj == to design
  28. dokument, -i, -e == a document
  29. dokumentar, -i, -ë == a documentary
  30. domate, -ja, -e == a tomato
  31. dominoj == to dominate
  32. dozë, -a, -a == a dose

E[edit]

  1. editorial, -i, -e == an editorial
  2. edukatë, -a == an education
  3. efikasitet, -i, -e (?) == an efficacy
  4. egoist, -i, -ë == an egoist
  5. ekonomi, -a == economics
  6. ekonomik, -e == economical
  7. ekonomist, -i, -ë == an economist
  8. ekselencë, -a, -a == an excellence
  9. ekskursion, -i, -e == an excursion
  10. ekuilibër, -bri, -bri == an equilibrium
  11. ekzekutues, -e == executive
  12. elastik, -e == elastic
  13. elegant, -e == elegant
  14. elektoral, -e == electoral
  15. elektricitet, -i == electricity
  16. elektronik, -e == electronic
  17. element, -i, -e == an element
  18. eliminoj, -ova, -uar == to eliminate
  19. elitë, -a, -a == an elite
  20. embrion, -i, -e == an embryo
  21. emigrim, -i, -e == an emigration
  22. energji, -a, -të == an energy
  23. epidermë == an epidermis
  24. estetik, -e == aesthetic

F[edit]

  1. i famshëm, e famshme == famous
  2. favor, -i, -e == a favour
  3. fazë, -a, -a == a phase
  4. fakt, -i, -e == a fact
  5. fanellë, -a, -a == a flannel shirt, undershirt
  6. i favorishëm, e -me == favourable
  7. federal, -e == federal
  8. fenomen, -i, -e == a phenomenon
  9. festival, -i, -e == a festival
  10. fetus, -i, -e == a fetus
  11. fibër, -ra, -ra == a fiber
  12. filëte, -a, -a == a fillet
  13. film, -i, -a == a film
  14. finalizoj == to finalize
  15. financier, -i, -ë == a financier
  16. fiskal, -e == fiscal
  17. firmë, -a, -a == a firm (business)
  18. flagrant, -e == flagrant
  19. fleksibilitet, -i, -e (?) == a flexibility
  20. fluks, -i, -e == a flux
  21. formal, -e == formal
  22. formë, -a, -a == a form, shape (paper or digital form is formular)
  23. formoj == to form
  24. fotogjenik, -e == photogenic
  25. fotografi, -a, - == a photograph
  26. fragmentoj == to fragment
  27. frutë, -a, -a == a fruit
  28. furnizim, -i, -e == furnishing, supplies
  29. furnizoj == to furnish
  30. futboll, -i == football (soccer)

G[edit]

  1. galeri, -a, - == a gallery
  2. gest, -i, -e == a gesture
  3. gjenocid, -i, -e == a genocide
  4. global, -e == global
  5. glob, -i, -e == a globe
  6. glukozë, -a, -a == glucose
  7. gradë, -a, -a == a grade, quality
  8. gradual, -e == gradual
  9. grup, -i, -e == a group
  10. guvernator, -i, -ë == a governor

Gj[edit]

  1. gjerman, -i, -ë == German (nationality)
  2. gjerman, -e == German (adj.)
  3. gjigant, -e == gigantic
  4. gjimnastikor, -i == gymnastic (adj.)

H[edit]

  1. hamburger, -i, -ë == a hamburger
  2. harmonik, -e == harmonic
  3. hemoglobinë, -a, -a == a hemoglobin
  4. heretik, -u, -ë == a heretic
  5. hero, -i, -nj == a hero
  6. heroizëm, -zmi, -zma == a heroism
  7. hezitoj == to hesitate
  8. hibrid, -e == hybrid
  9. hierarkik, -e == hierarchical
  10. himn, -i, -e == a hymn
  11. hipokrit, -i, -ë == a hypocrite
  12. hipotezë, -a, -a == a hyptothesis
  13. historik, -e == historical
  14. holl, -i, -e == a hall
  15. horizont, -i, -e == a horizon
  16. hotel, -i, -e == a hotel

I[edit]

  1. identifikim, -i, -e == an identification
  2. ikonografik, -e == iconographic
  3. iluzion, -i, -e == an illusion
  4. imejl == email (also postë elektronike, email or e-mail)
  5. implementim, -i, -e == an implementation
  6. imponoj == to impose
  7. inauguroj, -ova, -uar == inaugurate
  8. individual, -e == individual (adj.)
  9. industri, -a, -a == an industry
  10. infarkt, -i, -e == an infarct
  11. infeksion, -i, -e == an infection
  12. informativ, -e == informative
  13. infrastrukturë, -a, -a == an infrastructure
  14. insistoj == to insist
  15. inspiroj == to inspire
  16. integrim, -i, -e == an integration
  17. intelekt, -i, -e == an intellect
  18. intelektual, -e == intellectual
  19. instrument, -i, -e == an instrument
  20. intensivisht == intensively
  21. intergritet == integrity
  22. interes, -i, -a == an interest
  23. internet, -i == the Internet
  24. interpretim, -i, -e == an interpretation
  25. interpretoj == to interpret
  26. implikoj == to imply
  27. Itali, -a == Italy
  28. italian, -e == Italian (adj.)
  29. italian, -i, -ë == Italian (nationality
  30. itinerar, -i, -e == an itinerary

J[edit]

  1. janar, -i == January
  2. ju == you

K[edit]

  1. kamp, -i, -e == a a camp
  2. kancer, -i, -e == a cancer
  3. kandidat, -i, -ë == a candidate
  4. kapacitet, -i, -e == a capacity
  5. kapilar, -, -ë == a capillary
  6. kapital, -i, -e (?) == a capital
  7. kaos, -i, -e == a chaos
  8. karbohidrat, -i, -e == a carbohydrate
  9. karbon, -i, -e == carbon
  10. karrierë, -ë, -a == a career
  11. katalog, -u, -ë == a catalogue
  12. katastrofë, -a, -a == a catastrophe
  13. kategori, -a, - == a category
  14. kazino, -ja, -të == a casino
  15. kështjellë, -a, -a == a castle, fortress
  16. kilogram, -i, -ë == a kilogram
  17. kilometër, -ri, -ra == a kilometer
  18. kitarist, -i, -ë == a guitarist
  19. kivi == a kiwi (fruit)
  20. klasifikim, -i, -e == a classification
  21. klasifikoj, -ova, -uar == to classify
  22. kler, -i, -e == a clergy
  23. klinikë, -a, -a == a clinic
  24. klon, -i, -e == a clone
  25. klorofil, -i, -ë == a chlorophyll
  26. klub, -i, -e == a club
  27. koherent, -e == coherent
  28. kolateral, -i, -e == a collateral
  29. koleg, -u, -ë == a colleague
  30. koleksion, -i, -e == a collection
  31. koleksonoj == to collect
  32. koloni, -a, - == a colony
  33. koment, -i, -e == a comment
  34. komision, -i, -e == a commission
  35. kompromis, -i, -e == a compromise
  36. komunal, -e == communal
  37. kon, -i, -e == a cone
  38. koncept, -i, -e == a concept
  39. koncesion, -i, -e == a concession
  40. konflikt, -i, -e == a conflict
  41. konkret, -e == concrete (adj.)
  42. koordinim, -i, -e == a coordination
  43. koordinoj, -ova, -uar == to coordinate
  44. konsensual, -e == consensual
  45. konsensus, -i, -e == a consensus
  46. konsideratë, -a, -a == a consideration
  47. konsistent, -e == consistent
  48. konspiroj == to conspire
  49. konstante, -ja - == a constant
  50. kontrast, -i, -e == a contrast
  51. kopjoj == to copy
  52. kolesterol, -i == a cholesterol
  53. kombinim, -i, -e == a combination
  54. kompani, -a, - == a company
  55. kompetencë, -a, -a == a competence
  56. kompjuter, -i, -a == a computer
  57. komplotoj == to complot
  58. kompresë, -a, -a == a compress
  59. komunitet, -i, -e == a community
  60. konferencë, -a, -a == a conference
  61. konfirmoj == to confirm
  62. konfuzion, -i, -e == a confusion
  63. konfirmim, -i, -e == a confirmation
  64. kongres, -i, -e == a congress
  65. konsideroj == to consider
  66. konsull, -lli, -j == a consul
  67. konsumohem == to be consumed
  68. konsumoj == to consume
  69. kontaktoj == to contact
  70. kontestoj, -ova, -uar == to contest
  71. kontrolloj == to control, inspect, examine
  72. kontroll, -i, -e == a control, check
  73. kopje, -a, -e == a copy
  74. korrekt, -e == correct (adj.)
  75. korrespondoj == to correspond
  76. korrigjoj == to correct
  77. korrupsion, -i, -e == a corruption
  78. kosto, -ja, - == a cost
  79. krap, -i, krep == a carp
  80. kreativitet, -i, -e == a creativity
  81. kredi, -a, -a == a credit
  82. krijoj == to create
  83. krim, -i, -e == a crime
  84. kritikë, -a, -a == a critique
  85. kritikoj == to critisize
  86. kromozom, -i, -e == a chromosome
  87. kualifikoj == to qualify
  88. kulm, -i, -e == a culmination
  89. kult, -i, -e == a cult
  90. kultivim, -i, -e == a cultivation
  91. kultivoj == to cultivate
  92. kupë, -a, -a == a cup
  93. kurs, -i, -e == a course (studying or exchange rate)
  94. kushtoj == to cost

L[edit]

  1. letër, -ra, -ra == a letter, a card
  2. lider == a leader
  3. lidership, -i, -e == a leadership
  4. litër, -ri, -ra == a liter
  5. luxoz, -e == luxurious

M[edit]

  1. madhësti, -a == majesty, grandiosity
  2. mafie, -a, -a == a mafia
  3. magnet == a magnet
  4. marshoj == to march
  5. masiv, -e == massive
  6. maskoj == to mask, camouflage, disguise
  7. material, -i, -e == material
  8. medalje, -, - == a medal
  9. meditoj == to meditate
  10. membranë, -a, -a == a membrane
  11. menaxher, -i, -ë == a manager
  12. marksist, -e == marxist
  13. menaxhoj == to manage
  14. menstruacion, -i, -e == a menstruation
  15. mentalitet, -i, -e == a mentality
  16. meritoj == to merit
  17. mikro == micro
  18. militant, -e == militant
  19. mineral == mineral
  20. ministër, -ri, -ra = a minister
  21. Ministri, -a, - == a ministry
  22. mision, -i, -e == a mission
  23. mister, -i, -e == a mystery
  24. model, -i, -e == a model
  25. modern, -e == modern
  26. molekulë, -a, -a == a molecule
  27. moment, -i, -e == a moment
  28. monoksid, -i, -e == monoxide
  29. monopol, -i, -e == a monopoly
  30. monopolistik, -e == monopolistic
  31. monument, -i, -e == a monument
  32. moral, -e == moral (adj.)
  33. mozaik, -i, -ë == a mosaic
  34. multikulturor, -e == multicultural
  35. i multilateralizëm, e -me == multilateralism
  36. mural, -e == mural (adj.)
  37. muskul, -i, -jt == a muscle
  38. muzikë, -a == music

N[edit]

  1. nacionalist, -e == nationalist (adj.)
  2. nacionalizëm, -zmi, -zma == nationalism
  3. neglizhoj == to neglect
  4. nikotinë, -a, -a == a nicotine
  5. nostalgji, -a, -të == a nostalgy
  6. normalizim, -i, -e == normalization
  7. notar, -i, -ë == a notary
  8. numeroj == to number, numerate, count

O[edit]

  1. objekt, -i, -e == objects
  2. ofertë, -a, -a == an offer
  3. ofroj == to offer
  4. oksigjen, -i, -e == oxygen
  5. oksigjenoj == to oxygenate
  6. oligarki, -, -të (?) == an oligarchy
  7. operacion, -i, -e == an operation
  8. operë, -a, -a == an opera
  9. operoj, -ova, -uar == to operate
  10. opinion, -i, -e == an opinion (also mendim)
  11. opozitë, -a, -a == an opposition
  12. oral, -e == oral
  13. organ, -i, -e == an organ
  14. organizëm, -i, -a == an organism
  15. organizoj, -ova, -uar == to organize
  16. ortodoks, -e == Orthodox
  17. ovidukt, - (?), -e == an oviduct
  18. ovulacion, -i, -e == an ovulation

P[edit]

  1. pako, -ja, - == a pack, packet, parcel
  2. pankreas, -i, -e (?) == a pancreas
  3. paradë, -a, -a == a parade
  4. paradoks, -i, -e == a paradox
  5. paradoksal, -e == paradoxal
  6. parlament, -i, -e == a parliament
  7. park, -ku, -qe == a park
  8. parti, -a, -të == a party (political)
  9. pasagjer, -i, -e == a passenger
  10. pasion, -i, -e == a passion
  11. pasionant, -e == passionate
  12. pasiv, -e == passive
  13. patriotik, -e == patriotic
  14. pazar, -i, -e == a bazaar, a marketplace
  15. penal, -e == penal
  16. penis, -i, -e == a penis
  17. periferi, -a, -të == a periphery
  18. periudhë, -a, -a == a period
  19. person, -i, -a == a person
  20. pianiste, -ja, -e == a pianist
  21. ping-pong == ping-pong, table tennis
  22. piper, -i == pepper (table spice)
  23. piramidë, -ë, -a == a pyramid
  24. pjek == to bake
  25. placentë, -a, -a == a placenta
  26. plan, -i, -e == a plan
  27. planet, -i, -e == a planet
  28. planifikoj == to plan
  29. plazme, -a, -a == a plasma
  30. pluralizëm, -mi == a pluralism
  31. poet, -i, -ë == a poet
  32. polemikë, -a, -a == a polemic
  33. polifoni, -a, - == a polyphony
  34. populist, -e == populist
  35. popullsi, -a, popujt == a population
  36. popullor, -e == popular
  37. porcelan, -i == porcelain
  38. portret, -i, -e == a portret
  39. postë, -a, -a == mail, post office post
  40. potencial, -i, -e == a potential
  41. pozicionim, -i, -e == a positioning
  42. pragmatik, -e == pragmatic
  43. pragmatizëm, -mi, -ma == a pragmatism
  44. precedent, -i, -ë == a precendent
  45. preferoj, -ova, -uar == to prefer
  46. i,e preferuar == preferred
  47. prestigjoz -e == prestigious
  48. pretendoj == to pretend
  49. prill, -i == April
  50. prioritet, -, -e == a priority
  51. problem, -i, -e == a problem
  52. proces, -i, -e == a process
  53. prodhoj == to produce
  54. program, -i, -e == a program
  55. projekt, -i, -e == a project
  56. propagandë, -a, -a == a propaganda
  57. propozoj, -ova, -uar == to propose
  58. prostatë, -a, -e == a prostate
  59. proteine, -a, -a == a protein
  60. protestoj == to protest
  61. publik, -u == general public, audience
  62. publik, -e == public (adj.)
  63. puloverë, -a, -a == a pullover, a sweater
  64. puls, -i,- e == a pulse

Q[edit]

  1. qendër, -a, -a == a center

R[edit]

  1. racional, -e == rational
  2. radio, -ja, - == a radio
  3. raketë, -a, -a == a rocket
  4. raport, -i, -e == a report
  5. raportoj, -ova, -uar == to report
  6. raund, -i, -e == a round
  7. reagoj == to react
  8. realizoj == to realize, to achieve
  9. recesion, -i, -e == a recession
  10. reciprokisht == reciprocally
  11. recital, -i, -e == a recital
  12. rezervim, -i, -e == a reservation
  13. rezervoj, -ova, -uar == to reserve
  14. rezultat, -i, -e == a result
  15. reduktoj, -ova, -uar == to reduce
  16. referendum, -i, -e == a referendum
  17. referohem == to refer
  18. reformë, -a, -a == a reform
  19. relativ, -e == relative (adj.)
  20. relativisht == relatively
  21. religjioz, -e == religious
  22. replikoj == to replicate
  23. restorant, -i, -e == a restaurant
  24. reumatizëm, -mi, -ma == rheumatism
  25. rezervë, -a, -a == a reserve
  26. rezolutë, -a, -a == a resolution
  27. rival, -i, -ë == a rival
  28. i,e rregullt == regular
  29. rural, -e == rural

S[edit]

  1. saktë == exactly
  2. i,e saktë == exact
  3. saktësi, -a, - == exactitude
  4. sandale, -ja, -e == sandals
  5. sanduiç, -i, -ë == a sandwich
  6. sanksion, -i, -e == a sanction
  7. sekret, -i, -e == a secret
  8. sekretar, -i, -ë == a secretary
  9. sekt, -i, -e == a sect
  10. sektor, -i, -ë == a sector
  11. sekuestroj, -ova, -uar == to sequestrate
  12. semestër, -ri, -ra == a semester
  13. seminar, -i, -e == a seminar
  14. sezon, -i, -e == a season
  15. sferë, -a, -a == a sphere
  16. shtet, -i, -e == a state, country
  17. simbiozë, -a, -a == a symbiosis
  18. simbolik, -e == symbolic, very cheap
  19. simpati, -a, - == a sympathy
  20. simptomë, -a, -a == a symptom
  21. sinjal, -i, -e == a signal
  22. i,e sinqertë == sincere
  23. situatë, -a, -a == a situation, condition
  24. skandal, -i, -e == a scandal
  25. skandaloz, -e == scandalous
  26. skaner, -i, -ë == a scanner
  27. skanoj == to scan
  28. skemë, -a, -a == a scheme
  29. skizm, -i, -a == a schism
  30. sklerozë, -a, -a == a sclerosis
  31. social, -e == social
  32. solemn, -e == solemn, gala
  33. specialist, -, -ë == a specialist
  34. specifikë, -a, -a == a specific feature
  35. spektakël, -li, -le == a spectacle
  36. spektator, -i, -ë == a spectator
  37. spinaq, -i == spinach
  38. spital, -i, -e == a hospital
  39. sporadik, -e == sporadic
  40. staf, -i, -e == a staff
  41. statik, -e == static
  42. status, -i, -e == a status
  43. statut, -i, -e == a statute
  44. sugjerim, -i, -e == a suggestion
  45. sukses, -i, -e == success
  46. stimulim, -i, -e == a stimulation
  47. stimuloj, -ova, -uar == to stimulate
  48. stomak, -u, -ë == a stomach
  49. stres, -i == stress
  50. strukturë, -a, -a == a structure
  51. studim, -i, -e == a study
  52. studioj == to study

Sh[edit]

  1. shkollë, -a, -a == a school

T[edit]

  1. taksi, -a, - == a taxi
  2. tank, -i, -e == a tank
  3. tekst, -i, -e == a text
  4. telefon, -i, -a == a telephone
  5. telefon celular == a cell phone
  6. tempull, -lli, -j == a temple
  7. tender, -i, -ë == a tender
  8. terapi == a therapy
  9. termometër, -ri, -ra == a thermometer
  10. terror, -i, -e == a terror
  11. total, -i, -e == a total
  12. total, -e == total (adj.)
  13. totalitar, -e == totalitarian
  14. torturë, -a, -a == torture
  15. trafikant, -i, -ë == a trafficker
  16. trafikim, -i, -e == a trafficking
  17. trajner, -i, -ë == a trainer
  18. trajtim, -i, -e == a treatment
  19. trajtoj == to treat
  20. transferim, -i, -e == a transfer
  21. transparent, -e == transparent
  22. transport, -i, -e == a transport
  23. trojan, -i, -ë == Trojan
  24. tub, -i, -a == a tube
  25. turist, -i, -ë == a tourist
  26. turistik, -e == touristic

U[edit]

  1. unik, -e == unique
  2. uretër, -ra, -ra == an urethra
  3. urgjencë, -a, -a == an urgency
  4. urgjent, -e == urgent

V[edit]

  1. vaginë, -a, -a == a vagina
  2. vaksinë, -a, -a == a vaccine
  3. valvul, -a, -a == a valve
  4. vanilje, -a == vanilla
  5. variant, -i, -e == a variant, variation
  6. varioj, -ova, -uar == to vary
  7. vëllim, -i, -e == volume
  8. venë, -, -a == a vein
  9. viktimë, -a, -a == a victim
  10. violinë, -a, -a == a violin
  11. vitaminë, -a, -a == a vitamin
  12. vizitoj == to visit
  13. volejboll, -i == volleyball
  14. votë, -a, -a == a vote
  15. votim, -i, -e == a voting

Xh[edit]

  1. xhaketë, -a, -a == a jacket
  2. xhinse == jeans, denim

Z[edit]

  1. zero == zero
  2. zigot, -i, -a == a zygote
  3. zonë, -a, -a == zone, area, region

Loan words for French speakers[edit]

These often come via Italian or are originally from Latin by which the words not so magically happen to often be the same in French. Jukeboksi (talk)

  1. abazhur, -i, -e == un abat-jour == a lampshade
  2. adhuroj == adorer == to worship
  3. aktualitet, -i, -e == une actualité == an actuality
  4. alkool, -i, -e == un alcool == alcohol
  5. ambasadë, -a, -a == une ambassade == an embassy
  6. anulim, -i, -e == une annulation == a cancellation
  7. analizë, -a, -a == une analyse == an analysis
  8. ansambël, -li, -lë == un ensamble == a (performing) group
  9. arbitrazh, -i, -e == un arbitrage == an arbitrage
  10. avion, -i, -ë == un avion == an airplane
  11. avokat, -i, -e == un avocat == a lawyer
  12. bibliotekë, -a, -a == une bibliothèque == a library
  13. biftek, -u, -ë == un bifteck == a beefsteak
  14. biletë, -a, -a == un billet == a ticket
  15. bluzë, -a, -a == une blouse == a blouse
  16. bursë, -a, -a == une bourse == this word means both, like in French, a stock exchange and a study grant for undergraduates
  17. diskotekë, -a, -a == une discothèque == a diskotheque
  18. dakord == d'accord == agreed, all right
  19. i disponueshëm, e -me == disponible
  20. divorc == un divorce == a divorce
  21. ekran, -i, -e == un écran == a screen
  22. ekspozitë, -a, -a == une exposition == an exhibition
  23. emision, -i, -e == une émission == TV/radio show, program, broadcast
  24. filial, -i, -e == une filiale == a subsidiary (company)
  25. fill, -i, fije == un fil == a thread
  26. financiar, -e == financier == financial
  27. fizikë, -a == une physique == physics
  28. Francẽ, -a, -a == La France == France
  29. francez, -i, -ë == un français == a French
  30. francez, -e == français, -e == French (adj.)
  31. galeri, -a, - == une galerie == a gallery
  32. gaz, -i, -e == un gaz == a gas
  33. gjeografik, -e == géographique == geographic
  34. gjest, -i, -e == un geste == a gesture
  35. grevë == une grève == a strike
  36. gri == gris == grey
  37. grip, -i, -e == une grippe == a flu
  38. hipotekë, -a, -a == une hypothèque == a mortgage
  39. ide, -ja, - == une idée == an idea
  40. imazh, -i, -e == une image == an image
  41. inkonjito == incognito == incognito
  42. institucion, -i, -e == une institution == an institution
  43. interesant, -e == interesant == interesting
  44. inxhinier, -i, -ë == un ingénieur == an engineer
  45. juridik, -e == juridique == legal, judicial
  46. kabinë, -a, -a == une cabine == a booth
  47. kafe, -ja, -e == un café == a coffee
  48. kanal, -i, -e == un canal == a channel
  49. kanion, -i, -e == un canyon == a canyon
  50. karakter, -i, -e == un caractère == a character, nature
  51. karakteristik, -e == caractéristique == characteristic
  52. karburant, -i , -e == un carburant == a fuel
  53. karotë, -a, -a == une carotte == a carrot
  54. kartë, -a, -a == une carte == a card (also a paper)
  55. kartë krediti == une carte de crédit == a credit card
  56. katër == quatre == four
  57. katolik, -e == catholique == catholic
  58. këmishë, -a, -ë == une chemise == a shirt
  59. kimi, -a == chimie == chemistry
  60. klient, -i, -ë == un client == a client
  61. koleg, -u, -ë == un collègue == a colleague
  62. komedi, -a, - == une comédie == a comedy
  63. komplikacion, -i, -e == une complication == a complication
  64. kontratë, -a, -a == un contrat == a contract, agreement
  65. kostum, -i, -e == un costume == a costume, a suit
  66. krem, -, -e == une crème == cream
  67. krem karamel == la crème caramel == caramel dessert
  68. krizë, -a, -a == une crise == a crisis
  69. kronikë, -a, -a == une chronique == a chronicle, news
  70. kuadër, -ri, -ro == un cadre == frame, setting
  71. kulturë, -a, -a == une culture == a culture
  72. kurs, -i, -e == un course == rate, course
  73. kuzhinë, -a, -a == une cuisine == a kitchen
  74. laborator, -i, -ë == un laboratoire == a laboratory
  75. lahutë, -a, -a == un luth == a lute
  76. latin, -e == latin -e
  77. latino-amerkan -e == Latino-américain -e
  78. legjendë, -a, -a == une légende == a legend
  79. librari, -a, - == une librarie == a bookstore
  80. linjë, -a, -a == une ligne == a line
  81. lokal, -i,- e == un local == premises, room
  82. madhësti -a == une majesté == a majesty
  83. maj, -i == maj == May
  84. mandarinë, -a, -a == une mandarine == a mandarin
  85. mars, -i == mars == March
  86. mathematikë, -a, == un mathématique == mathematics
  87. më == me == me, to me (attn. më can be a number of other things to in sentences)
  88. meny, -ja, - == un menu == a menu
  89. menyrë, -a, -a == une manière == manner, way
  90. mesazh -i, -e == un message == a message
  91. miliard, -i, -ë == un milliard == a billion
  92. milion, -i, ë == un million == a million
  93. modë, -a == une mode == fashion
  94. monogami, -a, -a == la monogamie == monogamy
  95. mur, -i, -e == un mur == a wall
  96. muze, -u - == un musée == a museum
  97. natyrë, -a == une nature == a nature
  98. nivel, -i, -e == un niveau == a level
  99. oriz, -i == riz == rice
  100. paketë, -a, -a == un paquet == a package
  101. park, -u, -qe == un parc == a park
  102. pasion, -i, -e == une passion == a passion
  103. peizazh, -i, -e == un paysage == a scenery
  104. periudhë, -a, -a == une période == a period, time
  105. person, -i, -a == une personne == a person
  106. personalitet, -i, -e == une personnalité == a personality
  107. përqindje, -a, -e == un pourcentage == a percentage
  108. pishinë, -a, -a == une piscine == a swimming pool
  109. pistë, -a, -a == une piste == lane, floor
  110. pjesë, -a, -e == une pièce == a piece
  111. plazh, -i, -e == une plage == a beach
  112. politik, -e == politique == political
  113. politikë, -a, -a == une politique == a policy
  114. portë, -a, -a == une porte == a gate
  115. pozicion, -i, -e == une position == a position
  116. presion, -i, -e == une pression == a pressure
  117. prezantim == présentation == presentation
  118. principatë, -a, -a == une principauté == a principality, princedom
  119. prokuror, -i, -ë == un procureur == a prosecutor
  120. prozë, -a, -a == une prose == a prose
  121. pulë, -a, -a == un poulet == a chicken
  122. qershi, -a, - == une cerise == a cherry
  123. qiell, -lli, -j == le ciel == the sky.
  124. recepsioniste, -ja, -e == une réceptionniste == a receptionist (fem.)
  125. renë == un renne
  126. rezultat, -i, -e == un résultat == a result
  127. rigon, -i == origan == oregano
  128. rol, -i, -e == un rôle == a role
  129. roman, -i, -e == un roman == a novel
  130. rrobë, -a, -a == une robe == clothes
  131. sallë, -a, -a == une salle == lobby, auditorium, room
  132. sandale, -ja, -e == une sandale == a sandal
  133. seri, -a, - == une série == a series
  134. shans, -i, -e == une chance == a chance
  135. shef, -i, -a == le chef == a chef, a chief, a boss
  136. shifër, -ra, -ra == un chiffre == a figure, cipher
  137. shofer, -i, -ë == un chauffeur == a driver
  138. shurup, -i, -e == un sirop == a syrup
  139. sistem, -i, -ë == un système == a system
  140. strateg, -u, -ë == un stratège == a strategist
  141. strategjik, -e == stratégique == strategic
  142. studio, -ja, - == un studio == a studio
  143. sugjeroj, -ova, -uar == suggérer == to suggest
  144. supë, -a, -a == une soupe == a soup
  145. suvenir, -i, -e == un souvenir == a souvenir
  146. tabelë, -a, -a == une table == (black)board
  147. tarracë, -a, -a == une terrasse == a terrace
  148. teatër, -ri, -ro - un théâtre - a theatre
  149. teatral, -e == théâtral == theatrical
  150. teknik, -e == technique == technical
  151. teknologji, -a, - == une technologie == a technology
  152. temperaturë, -a, -a == une température == a temperature
  153. tragjedi -a == une tragédie == a tradegy
  154. transfertë, -a, -a == un transfert == a transfer, transaction
  155. i,e trishtuar - triste - sad
  156. temë, -a, -a == un thème == a theme, topic
  157. tension, -i == une tension (artérielle) == blood pressure
  158. traditë, -a, -a == une tradition == a tradition
  159. trupë, -a, -a == une troupe == a troupe, company, band
  160. unitet, -i, -e == une unité == an unity
  161. universitet, -i, -e == une université == an university
  162. valixhe, -ja, -e == une valise == a suitcase, baggage
  163. vegjetal, -e == végétal == vegetable (adj.)
  164. verandë, -a, -a == une véranda == a terrace, veranda
  165. vitrinë, -a, -a == une vitrine == a shop window
  166. vizë, -a, -a == un visa == a visa
  167. vizitë, -a, -a == une visite == a visit
  168. vizitor, -i, -ë == un visiteur == a visitor
  169. vlerë, -a, -a == une valeur == a value

Loan words for Italian speakers[edit]

  1. aleancë, -a, -a == un'alleanza == an alliance
  2. ambient, -i, -e == un ambiente == an ambiance
  3. antipastë, -a, -a == un antipasto == an antipasti
  4. argjend, -i == argento == silver
  5. autobus, -i, -ë == un autobus == a bus
  6. ballkon, -i, -e == un balcone == a balcony
  7. biçikletë, -a, -a == una bicicletta == a bicycle
  8. birrë, -a, -a == una birra == a beer
  9. biskotë, -a, -a == un biscotto == a biscuit
  10. bizele, -ja, -e == un pisello == a bean
  11. çokolatë, -a, -a == una cioccolata == a chocolate
  12. diafragmë, -a, -a == a diaphragm
  13. divan, -i, -e == un divano == a sofa, a couch
  14. faturë, -a, -a == una fattura == a bill
  15. fitore, -ja, -e == una vittoria == a victory
  16. forum, -i, -e == un forum == a forum
  17. i,e fortë == forte == strong
  18. i,e freskët == fresco == fresh
  19. freskues, -e == rinfrescante == refreshing
  20. garazh, -i, -e == un garage == a garage
  21. gjigand, -i, -ë == un gigante == a giant
  22. gjykatës, -i, - == un giudice == a judge
  23. gusht, -i == agosto == August
  24. higjenë, -a == igiene == hygiene
  25. institucion, -i, -e == un'istituzione == an institution
  26. kakao, -ja, - == un cacao == a cocoa
  27. kallamar, -i, -ë == un calamaro == a calamari
  28. kamarier, -i, -ë == un camriere == a waiter
  29. kamion, -i, -e == un camion == a truck
  30. kapelë, -a, -a == un cappello == a cap (hat)
  31. kapitull, -lli, -j == un capitolo == a chapter
  32. kështjellë, -a, -a == un castello == a castle
  33. klime, -a, -a == un clima == a climate
  34. krap,- i, krep == una carpa == a carp
  35. klimë, -a, -a == un clima == a climate
  36. konkurrencë, -a == concorrenza == a competition
  37. konkurrent, -i, -ë == un concorrente == a competitor
  38. konsum, -i, -e == un consumo == consumption
  39. kontribut, -i, -e == un contributo == a contribution
  40. libër, -ri, -ra == un libro == a book
  41. limon, -i, -ë == un limone == a lemon
  42. makinë, -a, -a == una macchina == a car
  43. mas == mas == to weigh
  44. mit, -i, -e == un mito == a myth
  45. mobilje, -a, -e == un mobile == furniture
  46. nip, -i, -a == un nipote == a cousin
  47. orë, -a, -ë == un'ora == an hour (or a clock)
  48. origjinë, -a, -a == un'orignine == an origin
  49. pacient, -i, -ë == un paziente == a patient (male)
  50. pagesë, -a, -a == un pagamento == a payment
  51. paguaj, -ova, -uar == pagare == to pay
  52. paqe, -ja == pace == peace
  53. papagall, -lli, -j == un pappagallo == a parrot
  54. pantallona, -t == un pantalone == pants
  55. patate, -ja, -e == una patata == a potato
  56. patatinë, -a, -a == patatine == potato chips
  57. peshk, -u, peshq == un pesce == a fish
  58. peshkatar, -i, -ë == un pescatore == a fisherman
  59. për == per == for, about
  60. peshë, -a, -a == peso == weight
  61. picë, -a, -a == una pizza == a pizza
  62. pikant, -i, -ë == piccante == spicy
  63. piktor, -i, -ë == un pittore == a painter
  64. pjatë, -a, -a == un piatto == a plate, a dish, a course (food)
  65. pompë, -, -a == una pompa == a pump
  66. pompoj == pompa == to pump
  67. pozicion, -i, -e == una posizione == a position
  68. proshutë, -a, -a == un prosciutto == a ham (also means bacon)
  69. rezistencë, -a, -a == una resistenza == a resistance
  70. salcë, -ë, -a == una salsa == a sauce
  71. salsiçise, -ja, -e == una salsiccia == a sausage
  72. sallatë, -a, -a == un'insalata == a salad
  73. siguri, -a, - == una sicurezza == a certainty
  74. sinkron, -e == synchrone == synchronous
  75. skuadër, -ra, -ra == una squadra == a team
  76. stilograf, -i, -ë == una penna stilografica == a fountain pen
  77. tendencë, -a, -a == una tendenza == a tendency, trend
  78. titull, -lli, -j == un titolo == a title
  79. tortë, -a, -a == una torta == a cake
  80. tradicional, -e == tradizionale == traditional
  81. tren, -i, -a == un treno == a train
  82. vazo, -ja, - == un vaso == a vaze
  83. vilë, -a, -a == una villa == a villa
  84. xhiro, -, - == un giro == a round, lap

Loan words for Swedish speakers / Lån ord för svensktalande[edit]

  1. fabrikë == en fabrik == a factory
  2. konkurrencë == en konkurrens == competition (market)
  3. natë, -e, net == en natt == a night.
  4. provë, -a, -a == ett prov == a test, experiment, fitting
  5. provoj == prova == to try
  6. radhë -a, -ë == en rad == a row
  7. redaktor, -, -ë == en redaktör == an editor
  8. shkumë == en skum == a foam

Loan words for Russian speakers[edit]

  1. banjë, -a, -a == ванная == bathroom
  2. bankomat, -i, -e == Банкомат == an ATM
  3. çaj, -i == чай == tea
  4. diabet, -i == диабет == diabetes
  5. gazetë, -a,- a == газета == a newspaper
  6. jug == юг == south
  7. kukull, -a, -a == кукла == a doll
  8. leksion, -i, -e == лекция == a lecture
  9. pallto, -ja, - == пальто == a coat
  10. reklamë, -a, -a == реклама == an ad
  11. shah, -u == шах == chess
  12. televizor, -i, -ë == телевизор == television set
  13. ti == ты == you (singular)

Loan words for Turkish speakers[edit]

  1. bakllava, -ja, - == baklava == baklava
  2. byrek, -u, -ë == börek == a savory pie
  3. çorapë, -, -e == çorap == a sock
  4. hamam == hamam == Turkish bath
  5. kolltuk, -u, kolltuqe == koltuk == armchair, seat
  6. osman, -e == Osmanlı == ottoman
  7. para, -ja, - == para == a money
  8. sulltan, -i, -ë == sultan == a sultan
  9. sheqer, -i == şeker == sugar
  10. shishe, -ja, -e == şişe == a bottle
  11. shisqebap, -i, -e == şiş kebap == shish kebab
  12. zarf, -i, -e == zarf == an envelope

Loan words for German speakers[edit]

  • mensë, -a, -a == die Mensa == a school cafeteria, a cantine
  • provim, -i, -e == eine Prüfung == a test, an exam

Loan words for Latin speakers[edit]

  1. e mërkurë, -a, -a == Mercurii == Wednesday
  2. monedhë, -a, -a == monetæ == coin, coinage, small change

Loan words for Spanish speakers[edit]

  1. telenovelë, -a, -a == una telenovela == a soap opera

Loan words for Greek speakers[edit]

  • portokall, -lli, -j == πορτοκάλια == an orange

False friends[edit]

  1. i,e habitur == surprised, astonished
  2. konvikt, -i, -e == a dormitory
  3. koran, -i, -ë == a trout
  4. verdhë == yellow

Resources for learning Albanian[edit]

Books for learning Albanian[edit]

  • Colloquial Albanian (2012) is an excellent book for anglophones by Linda Mëniku and Héctor Campos. It is concise and well organized. The learning curve gets steeper towards the end. Routledge, the publisher has kindly made audio for all text passages downloadable for free from the book's homepage. As of 2018 the vocabulary of this excellent book have not yet been made to a memrise. A previous edition in the same Colloquial series from the early 90's does have a memrise of the vocabulary.
  • Discovering Albanian 1 (2011) is also by Linda Mëniku and Héctor Campos and it consists of a textbook and workbook. As of 2018 there is no Discovering Albanian 2. The audio for the textbook can be accessed only via 2 CD's. Who has CD-players these days? Let's hope The University of Wisconsin Press wakes up and provides streaming and download at no extra charge.

Albanian radio[edit]

  • There are various streaming apps available in the app stores.
  • Live Online Radio is a radio streaming service for the web. It has one of the largest selections of Albanian radios.
  • Radio.garden has a beautiful user interface where you tune into radios by spinning a globe to the desired location of transmission.

Albanian TV[edit]

  • https://albanian.tv/ offers streaming of many of the popular Albanian TV channels. It often works, but occasionally the streams have trouble playing out without intermittent interruptions.
  • The RTSH Tani app is available for Android and iOS Apple phones. With the app you can access all the channels broadcast by RTSH including RTSH Film. The app does not have ads (excellent) whereas the RTSH channels do have ads. RTSH Tani app also features a VOD archive where you can watch recent programs up-to-2-days into the broadcasting history and a handy integrated EPG.

Films with Albanian subtitles[edit]

  • These you can find on Youtube by searching for 'filma me titra shqip'. Watching movies spoken in a language you understand while reading the subtitles in the language you want to learn is an excellent way to learn and refresh in a low-effort manner.
  • There are also Albanian films. These are unfortunately not subtitled and the speech is often really rapid. French do subtitle some of their own films on TV5MONDE to aid the non-natives tackle the 5 words per second pace.

Wiki literature[edit]

  • Wikibooks.org, Albanian version may be useful after you have gained the basics. Reading wikibooks of subjects and fields you already know may fast-forward your ability to read some text.
  • Albanian Wikipedia Same advice, select subjects this way you have a clear idea of what it is likely to say. Wikipedia writing is less predictable than a textbook.

Online texts[edit]

  • Foreign Services Institute (FSI) (1965) .pdf book on Albanian. From this I can recommend the history introduction of this text aimed mostly for US armed forces personel though naturally the FSI's work helps also non-military government workers to gain knowledge too. Albanian language has changed so much since 1965 that this cannot really be used to learn contemporary albanian but the intro is good if you are a history and culture puff.

Learning games[edit]

  • https://memrise.com is a spaced repetition flashcard and beyond language learning game and it has various memrises of varying quality. Memrise programs your brain slightly differently than traditional methods of vocabulary acquisition.
  • Basic Albanian 1 (~170 things to learn) and
  • Basic Albanian 2 (~210 things to learn) are of high quality, simple intros to the basic building blocks made by BaaS, an apparent memrise genius if you look at his productivity, scope and quality of his work.
  • (No typing) Albanian Menu (~110 things to learn). " For people intending to travel to Albania this memrise obviously highly recommendable as we all gotta eat. "No typing"-courses are fun because they are faster to play so you also get points faster.
  • Discovering Albanian 1 (~1800 things to learn) a professional quality memrise based on the vocabulary lists of the book of the same name. This memrise contains audio in high quality, consistency and precision for practically all words and phrases to be learned. This memrise has over 1800 things to learn so it is the biggest available. The makers of this memrise have used sensible notation: For nouns indefinite and definite singular and indefinite plural are given etc. etc.
  • Albanian Verbs (~480 things to learn). Teaches you the 1st person singular form of verbs (Albanian has no infinitives) with the exception of "to be" and "to have" where all present tense forms are taught in the last level.